حذى حر حرب
1. ⇒ حرّ
حَرَّ, see. pers. حَرِرْتَ, aor. ـَ
حَرَّ, sec. pers. حَرِرْتَ, aor. ـَ
حَرَّ, sec. pers. حَرِرْتَ, aor. ـَ
And حَرَّ, sec. pers. and aor. as above, inf. n. حُرِّيَّةٌ, He (a man) was freeborn, or of free origin. (Ṣ.)
حَرَّ, [sec. pers. حَرَرْتَ,] aor. ـُ
حَرَّ, aor. ـِ
2. ⇒ حرّر
حرّر, inf. n. تَحْرِيرٌ, He freed, liberated, or emancipated, a slave. (A, Mgh, Mṣb.) And حرّر رَقَبَةً He freed a neck [i. e. a slave]. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
Also He set apart a child for the worship of God and the service of the mosque or oratory: (Ṣ, TA:) or he devoted him to the service of the church as long as he should live, so that he could not relinquish it while he retained his religion. (TA.)
Also, inf. n. as above, ‡ He made a writing, &c. accurate, or exact; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) he made a writing beautiful, or elegant, and free from defects, by forming its characters rightly, and rectifying its faults: (A:) he wrote a writing well, or elegantly, and accurately, or exactly; (TḲ;) he wrote well, or elegantly: (KL:) and he made an account, or a reckoning, accurate, without mistake, and without omission, and without erasure. (TA.) [And simply ‡ He wrote a letter, &c.]
4. ⇒ احرّ
احرّ: see 1.
Also His (a man's) camels became thirsty. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
Also He (God) made a man's liver to become dry by reason of thirst or grief. (TA.) And He made a man's bosom thirsty; as in the saying, used by the Arabs in cursing a man, مَا لَهُ أَحَرَّ ٱللّٰهُ صَدْرَهُ [What aileth him? May God make his bosom thirsty]: or the meaning is هَامَتَهُ [app. here used as signifying the bird called هَامَة, in the form of which the soul was believed to issue from a slain man, and to call incessantly for drink until the slaughter of the slayer]. (TA.)
5. ⇒ تحرّر
10. ⇒ استحرّ
استحرّ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andحَرَّ↓ (Ṣ, TA) ‡ It (slaughter) was, or became, vehement, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and great in extent; (TA;) and the same is said of death. (TA.)
استحرّها He asked, or desired, of her [that she should make what is termed] حَرِيرَة. (A.) [See 1, last signification.]
حِرِىٌّ: see art. حرح.
حَرٌّ Heat; contr. of بَرْدٌ; (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as alsoحَرَارَةٌ↓, (Ṣ,* Mṣb,* Ḳ,) contr. of بُرُودَةٌ; (Ṣ;) andحُرُورٌ↓ (Ṣ,* Mṣb,* Ḳ) andحِرَّةٌ↓: (TA:) [see 1, first sentence:] pl. [of the first] حُرُورٌ andأَحَارِرُ↓; (Ḳ;) the latter anomalous, both as to its measure and in the non-incorporation of the first ر into the second: it is mentioned on the authority of AZ and others; but IDrd doubts its correctness; and the author of the Wáʼee mentions أَحَارُّ as a pl. form, but apparently to avoid contrariety to rule: the pl. ofحَرَارَةٌ↓ as a simple subst., or as an inf. n., but more probably as the former, is حَرَارَاتٌ. (TA.)
† A burning of the heart, from pain and wrath and distress or affliction or trouble or fatigue. (TA.) [See also حَرَارَةٌ.]
† Difficulty, or severity, of work. (TA.)
and سَاقُ حُرٍّ, voce حُرٌّ.
حُرٌّ Free, ingenuous, or free-born; contr. of عَبْدٌ: (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) fem. حُرَّةٌ: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) pl. masc. أَحْرَارٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) and حِرَارٌ; (IJ, Ḳ;) not حَرَارٌ, as some say; nor is حِرَارٌ an inf. n. as well as a pl., as others say: (MF:) pl. fem. حَرَائِرُ, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) contr. to analogy, and, as Suh says, the only instance of the kind except شَجَرٌ مَرَائِرُ as pl. of شَجَرَةٌ مُرَّةٌ; for the [regular] pl. of فُعْلَةٌ is فْعَلٌ; but حُرَّةٌ has this form of pl. because it is syn. with كَرِيمَةٌ and عَقِيلَةٌ [as will be seen in what follows]; and مُرَّةٌ, because it means خَبِيثَةُ الطَّعْمِ. (Mṣb.) Omar said to the women who used to go forth to the mosque, لَأَرُدَّنَّكْنَّ حَرَائِرَ [lit. I will assuredly make you to become free women]; meaning I will assuredly make you to keep to the houses: for the curtain is lowered before free women; not before slavewomen. (TA.) [See also حُرِّيَّةٌ.]
‡ Generous, noble, or well-born; like as عَبْدٌ is used to signify “ignoble,” or “base-born:” (Mgh:) and so the fem. حُرَّةٌ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ;) applied to a woman; (TA;) and to a she-camel: (Ṣ:) and so the masc. applied to a horse. (Ḳ, TA.) [Hence,] بَاتَتْ بِلَيْلَةِ حُرَّةٍ ‡ [She passed a virgin's night] is said of her whose husband has not been able to devirginate her (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) in the night when she has been first brought to him: (TA:) because the حُرَّة is modest and repugnant: (Ḥar p. 418:) in the contr. case one says, بِلَيْلَةِ شَيْبَآءَ: (Ṣ, L:) and one says also بِلَيْلَةٍ حُرَّةٍ; and بِلَيْلَةٍ شَيْبَآءَ. (TA.) [And hence,] لَيْلَةُ حُرَّة and لَيْلَةٌ حُرَّةٌ signify also † The first night of the [lunar] month: (Ḳ:) its last night is called لَيْلَةُ شَيْبَآءَ and لَيْلَةٌ شَيْبَآءُ. (TA.) You say also وَجْهٌ حُرٌّ ‡ [app. meaning An ingenuous countenance]. (A.)
‡ Generous, or ingenuous, in conduct: as in the saying of Imra-el-Ḳeys,
* لَعَمْرُكَ مَا قَلْبِى إِلَى أَهْلِهِ بِحُرْ *
[By thy life, my heart is not generous in conduct to its, or his, companion]; meaning that it is averse therefrom, and inclines to another. (Az, TA.) [Hence,] سَحَابَةٌ حُرَّةٌ ‡ A cloud bountiful with rain; (A;) or abounding with rain. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
‡ A good deed or action. (Ḳ, TA.) You say, مَاهٰذَا مِنْكَ بِحُرٍّ ‡ This is not good, or well, of thee. (Ṣ, A.)
† Anything good, or excel-lent; as poetry, &c. (TA.) You say كَلَامٌ حُرٌّ ‡ [app. meaning good, or excellent, speech or language]. (A.)
‡ Good earth, or clay, and sand: (Ḳ, TA:) or earth, or clay, in which is no sand: (Ṣ, A:) and sand in which is no earth or clay: (Ṣ:) or sand that has good herbage: (A:) you say رَمْلَةٌ حُرَّةٌ; (Ṣ, A;) and the pl. is حَرَائِرُ: (Ṣ:) or sand in which is no mixture of any other thing: (Mṣb: [accord. to which, this is the primary meaning of the word, whence the meaning of “free,” i. e. the “contr. of عَبْدٌ:” but accord. to the A and TA, it is tropical:]) and أَرْضٌ حُرَّةٌ ‡ land in which is no salt earth: (A:) or in which is no sand: as applied to that upon which no tithe is levied, it is post-classical. (Mgh.)
‡ The middle, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) and best part, (TA,) of sand, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) and of a house. (Ṣ, A, TA.)
† The best of anything; (Ḳ, TA;) as, for instance, of fruit. (TA.)
Also sing. of أَحْرَار in the term أَحْرَارُ البُقُولِ, (TA,) which means ‡ Herbs, or leguminous plants, that are eaten without being cooked; (Ṣ, A;) as alsoحُرِّيَّةُ↓ البُقُولِ: (A:) or such as are slender and succulent; and ذُكُورُ البُقُولِ means “such as are thick and rough:” (AHeyth:) or the former are such as are slender and soft; and the latter, “such as are hard and thick:” (TA in art. عشب:) or the former are such as are slender and sweet; and the latter, “such as are thick, and inclining to bitterness:” (TA in art. ذكر:) or the former are such as are rough; and these are three, namely, النَّفَلُ and الحُرْبُثُ and القَفْعَآءُ: or الحُرُّ is applied to a plant of the kind called النَّجِيل, growing in salt grounds. (TA.)
حُرُّ الوَجْهِ ‡ What appears of the face: (Ḳ, TA:) or what appears of the elevated part of the cheek; (Ṣ;) [i. e.] the ball, or most prominent place, of the cheek; (W p. 28;) andالحُرَّةُ↓ signifies [the same, or] the elevated part of the cheek: (TA:) or the former is what fronts one, of the face: or the four tracks of the tears, from each corner of each eye. (TA.) One says, لَطَمَهُ عَلَى حُرِّ وَجْهِهِ ‡ [He slapped him on the ball of his cheek]. (Ṣ, TA.*)
The young one of a gazelle. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
The young one of a serpent: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or of a slender serpent: or it is a slender serpent, like the جَانّ, of a white colour: or a white serpent: or a serpent, absolutely. (TA.)
The young one of a pigeon: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or the male thereof. (TA.)
سَاقُ حُرٍّ [is said to signify] The male of the قَمَارِىّ [or kind of collared turtle-doves of which the female is called قُمْرِيَّة (see قُمْرِىٌّ)]: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) Homeyd Ibn-Thowr says,
* وَمَا هَاجَ هٰذَا الشَّوْقَ إِلَّا حَمَامَةٌ ** دَعَتْ سَاقَ حُرٍّ تَرْحَةً وَتَرَنُّمَا *
[And nothing excited this desire but a pigeon (see حَمَامٌ) that called ساق حرّ, sorrowing and warbling]: or, accord. to IJ, the right reading is
* دَعَتْ سَاقَ حُرٍّ فِى حَمَامٍ تَرَنُّمَا *
[that called ساق حرّ among other pigeons, warbling]: but some say that الساق is the pigeon; and حرّ, its young one: or ساق حرّ is the cry of the قمارىّ, and is an onomatopœia: accord. to Aboo-ʼAdnán, it is ساق حَرّ↓, and means the warbling of the pigeon: and Sakhr El-Gheí makes it a compound, and indecl.; using the phrase, تُنَادِى سَاقَ حُرَّ [she calls ساق حرّ]: on which IJ observes, Aṣ says, ساق حرّ is thought to mean the young one of the bird; but it is her cry: and he (IJ) adds, the fact that the poet [Sakhr] does not make it decl. is an evidence of the correctness of the assertion of Aṣ; for, were it decl., he would have said سَاقَ حُرٍّ if it consisted of two nouns whereof the former was prefixed to the other so as to govern it in the gen. case, or ساق حُرًّا if it were a compound; as it is indeterminate: and its being made decl. by Homeyd does not show it to be not significant of a sound; for sometimes an expression significant of a sound consists of two nouns whereof the former is prefixed to the latter so as to govern it in the gen. case, like خَازُ بَازٍ. (M, MF, TA.)
حِرٌّ (Mṣb, Ḳ) andحِرٌ↓ (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, and Ḳ, in art. حرح) The vulva, or pudendum, of a woman: (Mṣb, Ḳ:) the former a dial. var. of the latter; (Ḳ;) originally حِرْحٌ [q. v.]. (Mṣb.)
حَرَّةٌ A stony tract, of which the stones are black (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and worn and crumbling, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) as though burned with fire: (Ṣ:) or a hard and rugged tract of ground, strewn with black and worn and crumbling stones, as though they were rained down: (TA:) or a level tract abounding with stones, over which it is difficult to walk, and hard: (IAạr:) or one [whereof the stones are] black above and white beneath: accord. to AA, of a round form: such as is oblong, not wide, is termed كُرَاع: (TA:) pl. حَرٌّ↓, (Ḳ,) or rather this is a coll. gen. n., (MF,) and حِرَارٌ (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and حَرَّاتٌ and حَرُّونَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) with و and ن like أَرَضُونَ, (Yoo, Ṣ,) to which it is made like because it is fem., as أَرْضٌ is, (Yoo,) andأَحَرُّونَ↓, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) as though the sing. were أَحَرَّةٌ, (Yoo, Sb, Ṣ,) though this sing. is not used; (Yoo;) or as though its sing. were أَحَرُّ, accord. to Th, who app. means that this place is hotter than others. (TA.)
الحُرَّةُ: see حُرٌّ.
حُرَّةُ الذِّفْرَى ‡ The part of the protuberance behind the ear where the earring swings about: (Ṣ, Ḳ:*) or it is an epithet, signifying beautiful and smooth and long in the protuberance behind the ear; applied to a woman and to a she-camel. (TA.)
الحُرَّتَانِ is also said to signify The two ears. (TA.) One says, حَفِظَ ٱللّٰهُ كَرِيمَتَيْكَ وَحُرَّتَيْكَ (A, TA) i. e. ‡ [May God preserve thy two eyes and] thy two ears. (TA.)
Chamomile, or chamomile-flowers; syn. البَابُونَجُ. (TA.)
حِرَّةٌ: see حَرٌّ.
Also A heat, or burning, in the throat: when it increases, it is termed حَرْوَةٌ. (TA.) [See also حَرَارَةٌ.]
Thirst: (Ṣ, A:) or the heat and burning of thirst: (IDrd:) it may be said that it is with kesr [instead of fet-ḥ (see 1)] for the purpose of its being assimilated in form to قِرَّةٌ, with which it occurs. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) One says, رَمَاهُ ٱللّٰهُ بِالحِرَّةِ تَحْتَ القِرَّةِ (A, Ḳ) May God afflict him by thirst with cold: and بِالحِرَّةِ وَالقِرَّةِ by thirst and cold. (TA.) And أَشَدُّ العَطَشِ حِرَّةٌ عَلَى قِرَّةٍ The most severe of thirst is thirst in a cold day. (Ṣ.) And حِرَّةٌ تَحْتَ قِرَّةٍ Thirst in a cold day: (ISd:) a prov., applied to him who makes a show of the contrary of that which he conceals; (TA;) or who makes a show of friendship while he conceals hatred. (Meyd.)
حَرَارٌ: see حُرِّيَّةٌ.
حَرُورٌ, of the fem. gender, (Mṣb,) A hot wind, (Mṣb,) in the night or in the day; (AA, Fr, Mṣb;) as also سَمُومٌ: (AA, Mṣb:) or the former is a hot wind in the night, and sometimes in the day; (AO, Ṣ, Ḳ;) and the latter, a hot wind in the day, and sometimes in the night: (AO, Ṣ:) or the former, a hot wind in the night; like the latter in the day: (Ṣ:) or the former, in the day; the latter being in the night; accord. to Ru-beh, as said to AO: (Mṣb:) pl. حَرَائِرُ. (A.)
The heat of the sun: (Ḳ:) or heat [absolutely]: (ISd:) constant heat: (Ḳ:) the fire of Hell: (Th, Ḳ:) pl. as above. (TA.) In the Ḳur [xxxv. 20], وَلَا الظِّلُّ وَلَا الحَرُورُ means Nor shade nor heat: (ISd:) or nor Paradise nor Hell: (Th:) or nor the people of truth, who are in the shade of truth, nor the people of falsehood, who are in constant heat, night and day. (Zj.)
حُرُورٌ: see حَرٌّ.
حَرِيرٌ / حَرِيرَةٌ
حَرِيرٌ Heated by wrath, &c.; as alsoمَحْرُورٌ↓: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) fem. of each with ة; the former being with ة because it is syn. with حَزِينَةٌ [afflicted with grief or sorrow]: or حَرِيرَةٌ signifies affected with grief or sorrow, and having the liver burned [thereby]: (TA:) or heated in the bosom: (Az, TA:) and its pl. is حَرِيرَاتٌ. (Az, Ṣ, TA.)
Silk; syn. إِبْرِيسَمٌ: (Mṣb:) or dressed silk; syn. ابريسم مَطْبُوخٌ: (Mgh, Mṣb:) and a garment, or stuff, made thereof: (Mgh:) or stuff wholly composed of silk: or of which the woof is silk: (Mgh, from the Jema et-Tefáreek:) n. un. with ة
حَرَارَةٌ: see حَرٌّ, in two places.
Also I. q. حَرْوَةٌ as used in the saying, إِنِّى لَأَجِدُ لِهٰذَا الطَّعَامِ حَرْوَةً فِى فَمِى, (Ṣ, TA,) meaning Verily I find that this food has a burning effect, or a pungency, in my mouth. (TA.) It signifies A burning in the mouth, from the taste of a thing: and in the heart, from pain: and hence one says, وَجَدَ حَرَارَةَ السَّيْفِ, and الضَّرْبِ, and المَوْتِ, and الفِرَاقِ, [He felt the burning effect of the sword, and of beating, and of death, and of separation.] (IDrst, TA.) [See also حِرَّةٌ.]
حُرُورَةٌ: see حُرِّيَّةٌ.
حَرِيرَةٌ n. un. of حَرِيرٌ [q. v.]. (Mṣb.)
Also A kind of soup of flour and grease or gravy: (TA:) or flour cooked with milk, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or with grease or gravy: (Ḳ:) it is of flour, and خَزِيرَةٌ is of bran: (Sh:) [when a mess of this kind is thickest,] it is عَصِيدَة; then, نَجِيرَة; then, حَرِيرَة; then, حَسْوٌ. (IAạr.) [See also نَفِيتَةٌ.]
حَرُورِىٌّ: see the next paragraph.
حَرُورِيَّةٌ and حُرُورِيَّةٌ: see حُرِّيَّةٌ.
الحَرُورِيَّةُ A sect of the heretics, or schismatics; (خَوَارِج [q. v.];) so called in relation to Haroorà (حَرُورَآءُ), a certain town (Az, Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb) of El-Koofeh, (Az, Mgh, Mṣb,) from which it is distant two miles; (TA;) because they first assembled there (Az, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb) and professed the doctrine that government belongs only to God: (Az, Ṣ, Mgh:) they dived so deeply into matters of religion that they became heretics; and hence the appellation is applied also to any who do thus: (Mgh, Mṣb:) they consisted of Nejdeh and his companions, (Ḳ,) and those holding their tenets: (TA:) they were also called المُبَيِّضَةُ, because their ensigns in war were white: (T voce المُحَمِّرَةُ:) a man of this sect is called حَرُورِىٌّ↓; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) and a woman, as well as the sect collectively, حَرُورِيَّةٌ: (Mgh, Mṣb:) which also signifies the quality of belonging to this sect. (Ṣ,* Ḳ,* TA.)
حَرِّىٌّ A camel that pastures in a stony tract such as is termed حَرَّةٌ. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
حُرِّيَّةٌ The state, or condition, of freedom; contr. of slavery; as alsoحُرُورِيَّةٌ↓ (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) andحَرُورِيَّةٌ↓, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of which two the latter is the chaste form, (Mgh,) or it is more chaste than the former, which is the regular form, (MF,) andحَرَارٌ↓, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) not حِرَارٌ, (TA,) andحُرُورَةٌ↓ (Ḳ, TA [in the CK حَرُورَةٌ]) andحَرَارَةٌ↓. (TA.)
Free persons, collectively. (Mgh.) [See حُرٌّ.]
‡ The eminent, elevated, or noble persons of the Arabs, (Ḳ, TA,) and of the foreigners. (TA.) You say, هُوَ مِنْ حُرِّيَّةِ قَوْمِهِ He is of the noble ones of his people: (A:) or of the choicest, best, or most excellent, of his people. (TA.)
† Sandy, soft earth, (Ḳ, TA,) good, and fit to produce plants or herbage. (TA.)
حُرِّيَّةُ البُقُولِ: see حُرٌّ.
حَرَّانُ Thirsty: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ:) or it has an intensive signification, as will be shown by what follows: (TA:) fem. حَرَّى: pl. (masc. and fem., TA) حِرَارٌ (Ṣ TA) and حَرَارَى and حُرَارَى. (TA.) One says حَرَّانُ يَرَّانُ جَرَّانُ. (TA.) It is said in a trad., فِى كُلِّ كَبِدِ حَرَّى أَجْرٌ, meaning For the giving of drink to any liver that is dried up by thirst from intense heat, there shall be a recompense: and in another, فِى كُلِّ كَبِدٍ حَارَّةٍ↓ أَجْرٌ. (IAth, TA.)
حَارٌّ Hot: (Mṣb:) a very hot day, and food. (A.) IAạr says, I do not say يَوْمٌ حَرٌّ↓. (TA in art. قر.) [This seems to imply that some allow it; and it is common in the present day. See جَرْمٌ.]
See an ex. of its fem., حَارَّة, in the next preceding paragraph.
† Difficult, troublesome, distressing, fatiguing, or severe work. (Ḳ, TA.) El-Ḥasan, when [his father] ʼAlee ordered him to flog El-Weleed the son of 'Okbeh for drinking wine, in the days of ʼOthmán, said, وَلِّ حَارَّهَا مَنْ تَوَلَّى قَارَّهَا † Set thou over what is evil thereof him who has superintended what is good thereof: (Mgh:) or set thou over what is difficult of the affair him who has superintended what is profitable thereof: (Mṣb:) meaning that only he should undertake the infliction of the flogging who superintends the profitable affairs of government. (Mgh.)
جَآءَ فُلَانٌ حَارًّا مُخُّهُ, and حَارَّ العِظَامِ, ‡ Such a one came in a plump, or fat, state; contr. of بَارِدًا مُخُّهُ, and بَارِدَ العِظَامِ. (A and TA in art. برد.)
أَحَرُّ [Hotter: and hottest].
أَحَرُّونَ: see حَرَّةٌ.
هُوَ أَحَرُّ حُسْنًا مِنْهُ † He is more delicate [or more free from defects] in goodliness, or beauty, than he. (Ḳ, TA.)
أَحَارِرُ: see حَرٌّ, first sentence.
مُحِرٌّ A man whose camels are thirsty. (Ṣ.)
مُحَرَّرٌ Freed from slavery; emancipated. (TA.)
A child devoted by the parent to the service of a church. (TA.) [See also 2.]
مَحْرُورٌ: see حَرِيرٌ.