جنأ جنب جنث
جَنَبَهُ He broke his side: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or he hit, or hurt, his side. (TA.) [The aor. of the verb in this sense is probably ـُ, and the inf. n., accord. to the TḲ, is جَنْبٌ.]
He led him by his side; (Ṣ, A,* Mṣb, Ḳ;) namely, a horse (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, TA) or the like, (Ṣ, A,) and a captive. (Ṣ, TA.) In this sense, its aor. is ـُ, (A, Mṣb, TA,) and the inf. n. جَنَبٌ (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and مَجْنَبٌ. (Ḳ.) Hence, طَوْعُ الجَنَبِ: see جَنَبٌجِنَابٌ which is forbidden (Ṣ, A, TA) in a trad., [in which it is said, لَا جَلَبَ وَلَا جَنَبَ] (A, TA) relating to horse-racing and to [the collecting of] the poor-rate, (TA,) means [in the former case] A man's leading, by the side of a horse that he rides in a race, another horse, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) without a rider, (TA,) and when the horse that he rides has become languid and weak, (Ḳ,) or when he fears that he will not outstrip upon it, (Ṣ,) or when he draws near to the goal, (A,) transferring himself to the other, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) in order that he may outstrip: (A:) and in relation to the poorrate, it means the collector's alighting in the most remote of the places whence the portion appointed for the poor-rate is to be collected, and then ordering that the camels or the like [that constitute that portion] shall be led to him: or the going of the owner of the property to a distance, [or aside, or out of the way,] with his property, so that the collector is obliged to go to a distance in quest of it. (Ḳ. See more in art. جلب, first paragraph.)
He placed, or put, at a distance, or he put, or sent, away, or far away, or far off, or he removed far away, alienated, or estranged, him, or it; (Ḳ;) as though he put him, or it, aside, or as though he walked aside; as alsoجانبهُ↓ (TA.) And He pushed, thrust, or drove, him, or it, away, aside, or to a distance. (Ḳ,* TA.) And جَنَبَهُ الشَّىْءَ (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) or الشَّرَّ (Fr, Zj, Mṣb,) aor. ـُ; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) andجنّبهُ↓, (Fr, Zj, Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) but this has an intensive signification; (Mṣb;) andاجنبهُ↓; (Fr, Zj, A, Ḳ;) He put aside, or away, or he warded off, from him, (Ṣ,) or he removed from him, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or removed far from him, (Mṣb, Ḳ,) the thing, (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) or evil. (Fr, Zj, A, Mṣb.) It is said in the Ḳur [xiv. 38], وَٱجْنُبْنِى وَبَنِىَّ أَنْ نَعْبُدَ الأَصْنَامَ [And put Thou away from me and my sons our worshipping of idols], (Ṣ,) or, accord. to one reading, وَأَجْنِبْنِى↓. (TA.)
He yearned towards, longed for, or desired, him, or it. (Ḳ,* TA.)
جَنَبَ بِهِ,aor. ـُ, [He went aside, apart, out of the way, to a distance, or far away, with him, or it: or, like جَنَبَهُ, in a sense explained above,] he placed, or put, at a distance, or he put, or sent, away, or far away, or far off, him, or it. (Ḳ, TA.)
جَنَبَ فِى بَنِى فُلَانٍ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,*) aor. ـُ, inf. n. جَنَابَةٌ; (Ṣ;) andتجنّب↓; (so, app., in the TA;) He alighted, or descended and abode, or settled, as a stranger, among the sons of such a one. (Ṣ, Ḳ,* TA.) One says, نِعْمَ القَوْمُ هُمْ لِجَارِ الجَنَابَةِ [Excellent are the people, they,] to the neighbour who is a stranger. (Ṣ. [See also جُنُبٌ.]) And لَا تَحْرِمَنِّى عَنْ جَنَابَةٍ Do not thou by any means refuse me because of being remote (Ṣ, A, TA) in respect of relationship. (A, TA.) [See also جَنَابَةٌ mentioned below as a subst.]
جَنَبَتِ الرِّيحُ, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) aor. ـُ, (TA,) inf. n. جُنُوبٌ; (Ḳ;) andاجنبت↓; (TA;) The wind was, or became, such as is termed جَنُوب [i. e. south, or southerly]; (Ḳ;) it blew in the direction of the wind thus called: (A, TA:) or the former, (Ṣ,) or جَنِبَت, (TA,) the wind changed, or veered, so as to become جَنُوب (Ṣ, TA.)
[And hence, (see جَنُوبٌ,)] جَنَبَ إِلَيْهِ, (IAạr, Ḳ,) or إِلَى لِقَائِهِ, (TA,) aor. ـُ; (Ḳ;) and جَنِبَ, aor. ـَ; (Th, Ḳ;) [inf. n., app., جَنْبٌ, for the verb is said in the Ḳ to be like نَصَرَ and سَمِعَ;] † He was, or became, disquieted by vehement desire to see him, or to meet him. (Ḳ,* TA.)
جَنِبَ, aor. ـَ, (Ṣ,) inf. n. جَنَبٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) He (a camel) limped, or halted, by reason of [pain in] his side: (Ṣ:) or he had an affection resembling ظَلْع [i. e. limping, or halting], (Ḳ, TA,) but not the same as this: (TA:) and, (Ḳ,) or accord. to Aṣ, (Ṣ,) his lungs clave to his side by reason of vehement thirst: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or, accord. to the Arabs of the desert, as ISk says, he became bent, or contorted, by reason of vehemence of thirst: (Ṣ:) and he (a camel) had a pain in his side from vehemence of thirst. (TA.) The epithet is جَنِبٌ↓; which is applied by Dhu-r-Rummeh to an ass. (Ṣ, TA.)
جنبت الدَّلْوُ [app. جَنِبَت] The bucket inclined to one side in consequence of the breaking of one or two of the thongs attacking it to the cross-bars. (L, TA.)
جَنِبَ and جَنُبَ and جَنَبَ are syn. with أَجْنَبَ in a sense explained below: see 4.
جُنِبَ He had, or became affected by, the disease termed ذَاتُ الجَنْبِ [or pleurisy]: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb:) he had a complaint of his side. (Ḳ.)
جُنِبُوا They were, or became, affected by the [south, or southerly, wind called] جُنُوب. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.) And also, [in allusion to the fertilizing effect attributed to the wind so called,] They were, or became, affected by that wind in their cattle. (L, TA.)
جنّبهُ: see 1:
جنبّ, inf. n. تَجْنِيبٌ, He did not send the stallion-camel among his she-camels, nor the ram or he-goat among his ewes or she-goats. (Ḳ.)
جنّب القَوْمُ The milk of the people's camels became little: (Ṣ:) or the people's milk ceased; (Ḳ, TA;) or became little: or the people's camels had no milk: and جنّب said of a man, his camels had no milk, nor had his sheep or goats. (TA.) Hence, عَامُ تَجْنِيبٍ [A year of little, or no, milk]. (Ṣ, TA.)
جنّبت الأِبِلُ The camels, with the exception of one or two, brought forth no young. (AZ, TA.) The camels did not conceive, so as to have milk. (TA.)
تَجْنِيبٌ [as an inf. n. of which the verb, if it have one in any of the following senses, is جُنِّبَ,] also signifies A bending, or curving, and tension [of the sinews] (تَوْتِيرٌ), of the hind leg of a horse; which is a quality approved: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or, accord. to AO, a turning aside of his fore legs in raising them and putting them down: but accord. to Aṣ, it is in the kind legs, and تَحْنِيبٌ is in the back-bone and in the fore legs. (TA.) [See also 2 in art حنب; and see also مُجَنَّبٌ.]
جانبهُ, (A, Ḳ,) inf. n. مُجَانَبَةٌ and جِنَابٌ, (Ḳ,) He was, or became, at, or by, his side: (A, Ḳ:) and he walked, or went, by his side. (A.)
Also i. q. بَا عَدَهُ; (A, Ḳ;) i. e. He was, or became, [distant, remote, far off, or aloof, from him; or] apart from him; or in a part, quarter, or tract, different from that in which he (the other) was; (TA;) thus bearing two contr. significations. (A, Ḳ.) جانبهُ andتجانبهُ↓ andتجنّبُهُ↓ andاجتنبهُ↓ all signify the same, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) i. e. He was, or became, distant, remote, far off, or aloof, or he went, or removed, or retired, or withdrew himself, to a distance, or far away, or far off, or he alienated, or estranged, himself, or he stood, or kept, aloof, from him, or it; he shunned, or avoided, him, or it; as alsoجِنّبه↓ (Ḳ) [andتجنّب↓ مِنْهُ]. You say, جَانِبِ اللِّئَامَ [Remove thyself far from the mean, or ignoble; stand, or keep, aloof from them; shun, or avoid, them]. (A.) And لَجَّ فِى جِنَابٍ قَبِيحٍ He persisted in removing himself to a distance, or estranging himself, from his family. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ. [In two copies of the Ṣ, I find جناب here written with fet-ḥ to the ج; but it is expressly said in the TA to be with kesr.])
اجنبهُ: see 1, in the former half of the paragraph, in two places.
اجنب, (Ṣ, IAth, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) inf. n. إِجْنَابٌ; (IAth, TA;) andجَنِبَ↓; (IB, Ḳ;) but the former is more common than the latter; and the latter, than the next here following; (IB, TA;) andجَنُبَ↓ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) [inf. n. جَنَابَةٌ, agreeably with analogy;] andجَنَبَ↓, aor. ـُ; (L, TA;) and أُجْنِبَ, andاستجنب↓, (Ḳ,) andتجنّب↓; (L, TA;) He was, or became, in the state of one who is termed جُنُب; (Ṣ, IAth, Mgh, L, Mṣb, Ḳ;) i. e., under the obligation of performing a total ablution, by reason of sexual intercourse and discharge of the semen. (IAth, TA.) لَا يُجْنِبُ, said by I’Ab, of a man, and of a garment, and of the ground, (TA,) and of water, (Mgh, TA,) means ‡ He, or it, will not become polluted (Mgh, TA) by the touch of him who is جُنُب so that one should need total ablution in consequence of the touching thereof. (TA.)
اجنبوا They entered upon [a time in which blew] the [south, or southerly,] wind termed الجُنُوب. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.)
See also 1 in the latter half of the paragraph.
and 3, in two places:
جَنْبٌ, a word of well-known meaning; (Ṣ;) The side, or half, or lateral half, syn. شِقٌّ, (A, Ḳ,) of a man &c.; as alsoجَانِبٌ↓ andجَنَبَةٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or the part of a man that is beneath the arm-pit, extending to the flank; as alsoجَانِبٌ↓, because it is the side of the person: (Mṣb:) pl. (of the first, Mṣb) جُنُوبٌ (Mṣb, Ḳ) and [of the same, a pl. of pauc.,] أَجْنَابٌ (CK) and [of جَانِبٌ] جَوَانِبُ (Lḥ, ISd, Ḳ, but not in the CK) and [app. of جَنْبٌ (like as لَيَائِلُ is a pl. of لَيْلٌ) or of جَنَبَةٌ (like as حَوَائِجُ is pl. of حَاجَةٌ which is originally حَوَجَةٌ) or of both these] جَنائِبُ↓ (M, Ḳ,) which is extr. (M, TA.) [Hence,] قَعَدْتُ إِلَى جَنْبِ فُلَانٍ andالى جَانِبِ↓ فلانٌ [I sat by the side of such a one]: both meaning the same. (Ṣ.) Andإِنَّهُ لَمُنْتَفِخُ الجَوَانِبِ↓ [Verily he is inflated in the side]: جوانب being here one of those words which are used in the sing. sense though in the pl. form. (Lḥ, TA.) And أَعْطَاهُ الجَنْبَ [lit. He gave him the side; meaning] he was, or became, submissive, manageable, easy, or tractable, to him. (A.) And جَارُ الجَنْبِ He who cleaves to one, keeping by one's side. (Ḳ. [Differing from جَارُ الجُنُبِ, q. v. infrà.]) And الصَّاحِبُ بِالجَنْبِ [in the Ḳur iv. 40] The travelling-companion; the companion in a journey: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or he who is near one; or by one's side: or the companion in every good affair: or the husband: or the wife. (TA.) And ذَاتُ الجَنْبِ, (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.,) with which الجُنَابُ↓ is syn., (Ḳ,) [and sometimes الجَنْبُ, as will be seen in what follows,] A well-known disease; (Mgh;) [the pleurisy; called by the first of these three appellations in the present day;] a severe disease, being an inflammatory tumour in the [pleura, or] membrane within the ribs: (Mṣb:) or an ulcer, or a purulent pustule, that comes within a man's side: (Ṣ, TA:) it is a severe disease in the side: accord. to El-Hejeree, it is in either side; and they assert that when it is in the left side, the patient perishes: accord. to ISh, the دُبَيْلَة; which is an ulcer that penetrates into the belly: or the ulcer (دُبَيْلَة and دُمَّل) that comes forth within the side, and discharges internally; the sufferer from which seldom recovers: he who suffers from it [and dies in consequence], or, as some say, he who is afflicted by a complaint of the side (absolutely) while warring in the cause of God, is reckoned a martyr: (TA:) [soldiers in a campaign are notoriously more subject to it than persons in most other circumstances; and it is app. for this reason that] it is termed دَآءُ الصَّنَادِيدِ [the disease of the courageous chiefs]. (A, TA.) ذُو الجَنْبِ, of which ذَاتُ الجُنْبِ is the fem., signifies Having a complaint of his side by reason of [the disease above mentioned, or what is termed] الدُّبَيْلَة. (TA. [See also مَجْنُوبٌ.])
A poet says,
* النَّاسُ جَنْبٌ وَالأَمِيرُ جَنْبُ *
[The people are a side and the prince is a side]: (Akh, Ṣ, TA:) as though he reckoned the latter equal to all the people. (TA. [This is cited in the Ṣ and TA as though it were an ex. of جنب in the sense here next following: but it seems to be rather an ex. of this word in the sense first explained in the present paragraph.])
I. q. نَاحِيَةٌ [A side; meaning a lateral, or an outward or adjacent, part or portion, region, quarter, or tract; or a part, region, quarter, or tract, considered with respect to its collocation or juxtaposition or direction, or considered as belonging to a whole; a vicinage, or neighbourhood]; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as alsoجَانِبٌ↓ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) andجَنَابٌ↓ andجَنْبَةٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) andجَنَبَةٌ↓ (Ṣ) andجَنَابَةٌ↓. (L, TA.) It is said that the primary signification of جَنْبٌ is the part of the body mentioned in the beginning of this paragraph, and that its use in the sense of نَاحيَةٌ is metaphorical, as is the case of يَمِينٌ and شِمَالٌ; but نَاحِيَةٌ is mentioned in the Mṣb as the primary signification of جَانِبٌ↓; (MF, TA;) though its primary signification accord. to the Ḳ and ISd seems to be that first mentioned. (TA.) You say,مَشَوْا جَانِبَيْهِ↓ andجَنَابَيْهِ↓ andجَنْبَتَيْهِ↓ andجَنَابَتَيْهِ↓ [They walked, or went on foot, on either side of him]. (A, TA.*) Andمَرُّوا يَسِيرُونَ جَنَابَيْهِ↓ (Ṣ, L) andجَنْبَتَيْهِ↓ andجَنَابَتَيْهِ↓ (L, TA) They went along journeying on either side of him. (Ṣ, L.) Andكُنَّا عَنْهُمْ جَنَابَيْنِ↓ andجَنَابًا↓ We were apart from them [on two sides and on one side]. (TA.) Andنَزَلُوا فِى جَنَابَاتِ↓ الوَادِى [They alighted in the sides of the valley, or in the tracts beside the valley]. (A.) Andفُلَانٌ لَا يَطُورُ بِجَنَبَتِنَا↓ Such a one will not approach our quarter: (Ṣ:) thus accord. to AO; with fet-ḥ to the ن: IJ, however, says, people are wont to say,أَنَا فِى ذَرَاكَ وَجَنَبَتِكَ↓ [meaning I am under thy protection and in thy quarter]; but that the correct expression is جَنْبَتِكَ↓, with the ن quiescent. (IB, TA.) The Arabs also said,الحَرُّ جَانِبَىْ↓ سُهَيْلٍ, meaning † The heat is on either side of Suheyl [or Canopus: i. e., during the period next before, and that next after, the auroral rising of Canopus; which rising began, in central Arabia, at the commencement of the era of the Flight, about the 4th of August, O. Ṣ.]: this is the greatest heat. (TA.) One also says,أَحَاطُوا بِهِ مِنْ جَانِبَيْهِ↓ [meaning They surrounded him on all his sides; lit., on his two sides]; dividing the surrounding parts into two, but not meaning that any of these remained vacant. (Expos. of the exs. cited as testimonies by Sb, TA in art. حول.)
Also, [andجَانِبٌ↓, which is thus used in the L in art. جنح, and by many authors,] A part, or portion, of a thing; (L;) the greater, or main, or chief, part or portion thereof; most thereof; (L, Ḳ;) or a great part or portion thereof; much thereof. (L.) Hence, [or perhaps from جَنْبٌ in the second of the senses assigned to it above, conveying the idea of juxtaposition, and thus of comparison,] هٰذَا قَلِيلٌ جَنْبِ مَوَدَّتِكَ [This is little in comparison with the magnitude of thy love; or simply, in comparison with thy love]. (TA.)
يَا حَسْرَتَا عَلَى مَا فَرَّطْتُ فِى جنْبِ ٱللّٰهِ [in the Ḳur xxxix. 57] means فى جَانِبِه↓, i. e. † [O my grief, or regret, for my negligence, or remissness,] in respect of that which is the right, or due, of God! (A, Bḍ, TA,) i. e., (Bḍ,) in respect of obedience to God! (Bḍ, Jel:) or, in respect of [the means of attaining] nearness to God! (Fr, TA;) or, nearness to God in Paradise! (IAạr, TA:) or, in respect of the way of God, to which He hath called me! i. e., the profession of his unity, and the confession of the prophetic office of Moḥammad. (Zj, TA.) The saying of the Arabs, اِتَّقِ ٱللّٰهَ فِى جَنْبِهِ وَلَا تَقْدَحْ فِى سَاقِهِ [may be rendered † Fear God in respect of his (thy brother's) right, or due, and impugn not his honour, or reputation: or] means, accord. to the copies of the Ḳ, لَا تَقْتُلْهُ [slay him not], or, as in the L, and in the original draught of the author [of the Ḳ] لا تَغْتَلْهُ [slay him not clandestinely, or on an occasion of inadvertence], from الغِيلَةُ, and throw him not into trouble, or trial: (TA:) or, accord. to some, فى جنبه means in detracting from his reputation, or reviling him. (Ḳ, TA. [See also Freytag's Arab. Prov. i. 240.]) A poet, cited by IAạr, says,
* خَلِيلَىَّ كُفَّا وَٱذْكُرَا ٱللّٰهَ فِى جَنْبِى *
† [O my two friends, refrain, and be mindful of God in respect of my reputation; (see also جَانِبٌ;)] meaning, in detracting from my reputation, or reviling me: or, accord. to MF, in my case. (TA.) And one says, مَا فَعَلْتَ فِى جَنْبِ حَاجَتِى † What didst thou, or what hast thou done, in the case of the thing that I want? (L, TA.)
جَنَبٌ: see جَنِيبٌ.
طَوْعُ الجَنَبِ: see جِنَابٌ.
جَنَبٌ also signifies Short; (Ḳ;) applied to a man. (TA.)
جَنِبٌ: see جَنِبَ.
It is also applied as an epithet to a wolf, because he pretends to halt, from guile, or cunning. (L, TA.)
Also A man who goes aside, or to a distance, from the beaten way, for fear of guests' coming to him for entertainment. (Ḳ, TA.)
جُنُبٌ, (El-Fárábee, Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which is sometimes used in the sing. form as pl., and has no fem. form, (TA,) andجَانِبٌ↓ andأَجْنَبِىٌّ↓, (El-Fárábee, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) which is said by Az in art. روح to be seldom or never used by the Arabs, but is mentioned by him in its proper art., (Mṣb,) andأَجْنَبُ↓, (Az, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) are syn., (El-Fárábee, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) signifying A stranger; (Ḳ;) as alsoجَنِيبٌ↓: (Ṣ:) or a man who is distant, or remote: (Mṣb:) or distant, or remote, in respect of relationship: (Az and Mṣb in explanation of the third and fourth:) [or not a relation; as will be seen from what follows:] andجَانِبٌ↓ [as an act. part. n.] signifies one alighting, or descending and abiding, or settling, as a stranger, among a tribe: (Ṣ:) pl. of the first أَجْنَابٌ, (A, TA,) and of the second جُنَّابٌ, (Ṣ, TA,) and of the fourth أَجَانِبُ. (Mṣb.) الجَارُ الجُنُبُ [occurring in the Ḳur iv. 40] (T, Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) and جَارُ الجُنُبِ (TA) The person who is one's neighbour, but who belongs to another people; (T, Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ;) who is not of one's family nor of one's lineage; (A;) who is of another lineage than he of whom he is a neighbour; (T, TA;) who is not a relation: (MF:) or one who is distant, or remote, in an absolute sense: (TA:) or the person who is not a relation to another, and who comes to him, and asks him to protect him, and abides with him: such has the title to respect that belongs to him as neighbour of the other, and to his protection, and as relying upon his safeguard and promise. (TA in art. جور. [Differing from جَارُ الجَنْبِ, q. v. suprà.]) It is said in a trad., هُمْ أَجْنَابُ النَّاسِ They are the strangers of mankind, or of the people. (TA.) And in another trad.,قَالَ لِجَارِيّةٍ هَلْ مِنْ مُغَرِبَةِ خَبَرٍ قَالَتْ عَلَى جَانِبٍ↓ الخَبَرُ [He said to a girl, Is there any news from abroad? She answered,] It is for a stranger coming from a journey [to give such news]. (TA.) And one says,هُوَ أَجْنَبِىٌّ↓ مِنِّى [He is a person not related to me]. (A.)
Also,↓ the same four words, (of which only the last is mentioned in this sense in the Ṣ,) That will not be led; intractable. (Ḳ.)
جُنُبٌ is also an epithet from الجَنَابَةُ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) signifying A man under the obligation of performing a total ablution, by reason of sexual intercourse and discharge of the semen: (IAth, TA: [see 4:]) and is used alike as masc. and fem. (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb) and sing. (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and dual (Mṣb, TA) and pl.; (Ṣ, A, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) being regarded as quasi-coordinate to the class of inf. ns.; for the inf. n., when used as an epithet, must remain, in form, sing. and masc.: (MF in art. عفت:) or one may use the dual form جُنُبَانِ; (Ḳ;) and sometimes they used the pl. أَجْنَابٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ *) and جُنُبُونَ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) and the fem. pl. جُنُبَاتٌ; (Mṣb;) but not جُنُبَةٌ, (Ḳ, TA,) applied to a female. (TA.) It is said in a trad., لَا تَدْخُلُ المَلَائِكَةُ بِيْتًا فِيهِ جُنُبٌ, meaning [The angels will not enter a house, or chamber, or tent, in which is] one who usually neglects the total ablution when under an obligation to perform it for the cause above mentioned. (IAth, TA.)
جَنْبَةٌ: see جَنْبٌ, in four places:
Also Retirement, or secession, from others: (Ḳ, TA:) and in a trad., in which it is enjoined, used as meaning retirement from women; avoiding the sitting by them, and the approaching the place that they occupy. (TA.) You say, رَجُلٌ ذُو جَنْبَةٍ A man of retirement. (TA.) And نَزَلَ جَنْبَةً He alighted, or descended and abode, or settled, in a place aside, or apart. (Ṣ, TA.) And قَعَدَ جَنْبَةً He [sat apart, or] retired from others. (A, TA.)
The state of being a stranger; as alsoجَنَابَةٌ↓. (Ḳ. [Both are there mentioned as simple substs.; but the latter is an inf. n.: see جَنَبَ فِى بَنِى فُلَانٍ; and what next follows it: and see also 4.]) Both also signify Remoteness in respect of relationship. (TA.)
Also, جَنْبَةٌ, A piece of skin from the side of a camel, (Ṣ, L, Ḳ,*) of which is made a kind of milking vessel (عُلْبَة), (Ṣ, L,) larger than the مِعْلَق, but smaller than the جَوْبَة. (L.)
And Every kind of plant, (Ṣ,) or every kind of tree in general, (Ḳ,) that produces [new leaves such as are termed] رَبْل in the season of the صَيْف [which may mean either summer or spring]: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or every kind of plant that produces leaves in that season without rain: (TA:) or a name given to many plants, all of them عُرُوق [perhaps meaning resembling roots, i. e. straggling, or spreading like roots]; so called because less than large trees and higher than those that have no root-stock (أَرُومَة) in the earth; comprising the نَصِىّ and صِلِّيَان and حَمَاط and مَكْر and حذر [so in the TA, but I do not find it elsewhere, and think it may be a mistranscription for حَزْر, of which حَزْرَة (the name of a certain sour tree) is probably the n. un.,] and دَهْمَآء; which are smaller than شَجَر and superior to بُقُول: all this has been heard from the Arabs: (T, TA:) or green and fresh صلّيان: (TA:) or what is [of a kind] between بَقْل and شَجَر; (AḤn, Ḳ, TA;) being [in the TA وهما, but this is evidently a mistake for وَهِىَ,] of the kind of which the root remains in the winter while the branches perish: (AḤn, TA:) or herbage of which the root is deep in the earth; such as the نَصِىّ and the صِلِّيَان. (TA voce خَضِرٌ.)
جَنَبَةٌ: see جَنْبٌ, in four places:
جُنَبَةٌ A thing from which one retires, or withdraws himself, to a distance, or far away, or far off; from which one stands, or keeps, aloof. (Ḳ.)
جَنَابٌ: see جَنْبٌ, in five places. [Hence,] كُنَّا عَنْهُمْ جَنَابَيْنِ and جَنَابًا We were remote, or retired, from them; or out of their way. (TA.)
Also, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andجَانِبٌ↓, (Mṣb,* TA,) A court, or yard, or an open or a wide space in front of a house or extending from its sides: (Ṣ, A, Ḳ, TA:) and a place of alighting or abode; or a settlement, or place of settling: (A:) a mansion; an abode; a habitation; or a place to which a man betakes himself, or repairs, for lodging, covert, or refuge, in a city or town or village or other place of settled habitations; syn. رَحْلٌ: (Ḳ:) and a vicinage, neighbourhood, or tract adjacent to the place of abode or settlement, of a people or company of men: pl. أَجْنِبَةٌ. (Ṣ.) You say, أَنَا فِى جَنَابِ زَيْدٍ I am in the court, or yard, of Zeyd; and in his place of alighting or abode, or settlement. (A, TA.) And فُلَانٌ رَحْبُ الجَنَابِ, (A, TA,) and خَصِيبُ الجَنَابِ, (Ṣ, A,) the former meaning Such a one is possessed of an ample رَحْل [or mansion, &c., as explained above]: (TA:) [and the latter, such a one is surrounded by a plentiful, or fruitful, tract:] or both mean ‡ such a one is generous or bountiful [or hospitable]. (A.) And فَلَانٌ جَدِيبُ الجَنَابِ (Ṣ, TA) [meaning Such a one is environed by a tract affected with drought, or barrenness; as explained in the Ṣ in art. جدب: but generally used tropically, as meaning † such a one is ungenerous, illiberal, or inhospitable]. And أَخْصَبَ جَنَابُ القَوْمِ [The neighbourhood of the people, or the tract surrounding them, became plentiful, or fruitful]. (Ṣ, TA.) And أَجْدَبَ بِنَا الجَنَابُ [Our neighbourhood, or the tract surrounding us, became affected with drought, or barrenness]. (TA from a trad.)
رَجُلٌ لَيِّنُ الجَنَابِ [perhaps a mistranscription for الجَانِبِ] ‡ A man easy to deal with, compliant, or obsequious. (A.)
[الجَنَابُ is also a title often given by writers of letters and the like to any great man to whom others betake themselves, or repair, for protection; and sometimes to God; meaning ‡ The object of recourse; the refuge; the asylum: similar to الحَضْرَةُ, q. v., and used in the same manner, i. e., alone, and, without the article, prefixed to the name of the person to whom it is applied, or to a pronoun; but the latter is generally considered as implying greater respect than the former.]
الجُنَابُ i. q. ذَاتُ الجَنْبِ: see جَنْبُ. (Ḳ.)
جِنَابٌ A cord tied to the head and neck of a beast, by which he is led, or drawn. (KL.) [Hence,] فَرَسٌ طَوْعُ الجَنَابِ A horse easily led; or easy to be led; tractable; [obedient to the جناب;] (Ṣ, A, Ḳ, TA;) as alsoطَوْعُ الجَنَبِ↓. (TA. [See 1, near the beginning.])
جَنُوبٌ, of the fem. gender, and, accord. to Sb, both a subst. and an epithet, [so that one says رِيحٌ جَنُوبٌ, as well as جَنُوبٌ alone and رِيحُ الجَنُوبِ,] (TA,) [The south wind: or a southerly wind:] the wind that is opposite to that called the شَمَال: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) [consequently, the wind that blows from the direction of the south pole, accord. to the Ṣ;] the wind that blows from the direction of the left hand of a person standing opposite to the kibleh [by which is here meant that corner of the Kaabeh in which is set the Black Stone; which corner is towards the east]: (Th, TA:) or the wind that blows from the quarter between the place where Canopus rises [Ṣ. 29? E. in central Arabia] and the place where the same star sets [Ṣ. 29? W. in the same latitude]: ('Omárah, TA:) or from the quarter between the place where Canopus rises and the place where the sun sets in winter [W. 26? Ṣ. in central Arabia]: (Aṣ, TA:) or it is a hot wind, that blows in every season; blowing from that part of the tract between the quarter whence blows the east wind (الصَّبَا) and that whence blows the west wind (الدَّبُور) which is next to the place where Canopus rises: (T, TA:) or the wind that blows from the quarter between the place where Canopus rises and that where the Pleiades set [W. 26? N. in central Arabia]: (IAạr, Ḳ:) [the points whence it usually blows seem to differ somewhat in different parts:] Aṣ says that the جنوب is attended by good, and by fecundating influence; and the شمال by drying up [of the earth &c.]: (TA:) accord. to IAạr, it is hot in every place, except in Nejd, where it is cold, or cool: (MF:) pl. جَنَائِبُ (T, Ḳ) and [of pauc.] أَجْنُبٌ. (T, TA.)
One says, of two persons, when they are on terms of sincere friendship, رِيحُهُمَا جَنُوبٌ † [Their wind is south, or southerly]; and when they are separated, شَمَلَتْ رِيحُهُمَا † [Their wind has become north, or northerly]. (TA.)
جَنِيبٌ, applied to a horse and a captive, (TA,) Led by one's side; as alsoمَجْنُوبٌ↓ andمُجَنَّبٌ↓: (Ḳ:) or you sayخَيْلٌ مَجَنَّبَةٌ↓, meaning horses led by the side; the teshdeed denoting application to many objects: (Ṣ, TA:) pl. [of the first, and of جَنِيبَةٌ, q. v., or only of this last,] جَنَائِبُ and [quasi-pl. n.] جَنَبٌ↓. (Ḳ.) One walking by the side of another; (A;) [and] so جُنَّابٌ↓. (Ḳ.)
Any animal or man that is obedient, tractable, or submissive. (Ṣ, TA.) You say, أَصْبَحَ جَنِيبَهُ He became compliant to him. (A.)
Also, applied to a man, [app. Having a pain in the side; or having the pleurisy; like مَجْنُوبٌ: and hence, or from جَنِبَ, q. v., irregularly formed,] as though walking on one side, bent or crooked, مُتَعَقِّفًا: so in the L: in the M and Ḳ, on the authority of IAạr, مُتَعَقِّبًا [to which I am unable to assign an appropriate meaning, except its modern one of lagging behind]: so in the saying of a poet,
* رَبَا الجُوعُ فِى أَوْنَيْهِ حَتَّى كَأَنَّهُ ** جَنِيبٌ بِهِ إِنَّ الجَنِيبَ جَنِيبُ *
[Hunger increased in him (lit. in the two sides of his saddle-bags); so that he seemed as though he walked on one side, bent thereby; for he who has a pain in his side walks on one side, in that manner]. (TA.)
Also An excellent kind of dates, (Ḳ, TA,) well known; (TA;) one of the best kinds of dates. (Mgh in art. جمع, Mṣb.)
Accord. to IAth, its primary signification is Distance: and hence it signifies The state of him who is under the obligation of performing a total ablution, by reason of sexual intercourse and discharge of the semen. (TA.)
The sperma genitalis [itself]. (Ḳ. [But in a marginal note in my copy of that work I find this last signification rejected as erroneous.])
جَنِيبَةٌ A led horse or mule or ass; (Ṣ, TA;) a horse that is led [by one's side], not ridden: (Mṣb:) pl. جَنَائِبُ. (A, TA.)
جَنِيبَتَا البَعِيرِ The [two equal] loads on the two sides of the camel. (Ḳ.)
[Hence, app.,] اِتَّقِ ٱللّٰهَ الَّذِى لَا جَنيبَةَ لَهُ ‡ Fear thou God, to whom there is no equal. (A, TA.)
Also جَنِيبُةٌ, (Ṣ,) orجَنَابَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) or both, (TA,) A she-camel that one gives [or lends] to people, (Ṣ, M, Ḳ,) with money, (M, TA,) in order that they may bring corn or other provision for him; (Ṣ, M, Ḳ;) also called عَلِيقَةٌ: pl. جَنَائِبُ. (Ṣ.)
Also, (Kr, M, Ḳ,) and خَبِيبَةٌ, (M, TA,) The wool of a ثَنِّى [or sheep in its third year]: (Kr, M, Ḳ:) it is better and cleaner than what is termed عَقِيقَة, which is the wool of a جَذَع [or sheep in or before its second year]. (TA.)
[جَنُوبِىٌّ Of, or relating to, the quarter of the wind termed the جَنُوب; south, or southerly.]
جَنَائِبٌ as an extr. pl.: see جَنْبٌ, first sentence.
جُنَّابٌ: see جَنِيبٌ.
جَانِبٌ; pl. جَوَانِبُ: see جَنْبٌ, in eleven places. [Hence, لَانَ جَانِبُهُ † He was, or became, gentle, easy to deal with, compliant, or obsequious. And رَجُلٌ لَيِّنُ الجَانِبِ † A man who is gentle, easy to deal with, compliant, or obsequious; contr. of غَلِيظُ الجَانِبِ; see art. غلظ: and see جَنَابٌ. And] تُزَنُّ بِلِينِ الجَانِبِ † [She is suspected of easiness, or compliance], (Ḳ in art. لمس,) towards him who desires of her that he may lie with her. (TA in that art.) [Hence also,] جَانِبَا الأَنْفِ (CK) andجَنَابَتَا↓ andجَنْبَتَا↓ andجَنَبَتَا↓ (Ḳ) The two sides of the nose: (Ḳ:) or the two lines that surround the two sides of the nose of a doe-gazelle: (Sb, TA:) pl. [of the second, agreeably with analogy,] جَنَائِبُ. (TA.)
See also جَنَابٌ. [It often signifies The vicinage or neighbourhood of a people &c.: and a region or quarter or tract of a people or country: like ناحية.]
[The bank of a river; and any bank, or steep acclivity.]
[And A limit, bound, or boundary: see a tropical usage of its pl. (جَوَانِبُ) voce. حِنْوٌ.]
[And عَلَى جَانِبٍ means Beside, aside, or apart; and so جَانِبًا, and فِى جَانِبٍ.]
[جَانِبٌ مِنْ مَالٍ, in posi-classical writings, means A portion, and particularly a large portion, of property: and جَانِبٌ alone, in the same, a sum, and particularly a large sum, of money.]
[The latter, also, in post-classical writings, signifies, like جَنْبٌ, q. v., † A man's honour, or reputation, which should be preserved inviolate; so used in the Ḳ voce عِرْضٌ, in an explanation of the latter word taken from IAth; i. q. نَامُوسٌ and حُرْمَةٌ, as in the TḲ in that case.]
Avoided and despised. (Ḳ, TA.)
[Hence, perhaps, دَعْ كَذَا جَانِبًا Let thou, or leave thou, such a thing alone: see an ex. voce أَوٌّ.]
See also جُنُبٌ, in four places.
أَجْنَبُ: see جُنُبٌ, in two places.
أَجْنَبِىٌّ: see جُنُبٌ, in three places
You say also, هُوَ أَجْنَبِىٌّ مِنْ كَذَا, (A,) or عِنْ كذا, (TA,) ‡ He has no concern nor acquaintance with such a thing. (A, TA.)
مَجْنَبٌ (Ṣ, AAF, Ḳ) andمِجْنَبٌ↓ (AAF, Ḳ) Much (AʼObeyd, Ṣ, AAF, Ḳ) of good (AʼObeyd, Ḳ) and of evil. (Ḳ.) You say, إِنَّ عِنْدَنَا لَخَيْرًا مَجْنَبًا Verily with us is much good, and شَرًّا مَجْنَبًا much evil. (Ṣ.) And طَعَامٌ مَجْنَبٌ means Much [wheat or food]. (Sh, TA.)
مُجْنِبٌ: see what next follows.
مِجْنَبٌ A shield; (Ṣ, A, Ḳ;) because it wards off from its possessor what is displeasing to him; (A, TA;) also with damm to the م [app.مُجْنِبٌ↓, act. part. n. of 4]. (Ḳ.)
A thing by which a person or thing is veiled, concealed, or hidden; a veil, curtain, or covering; (Ḳ, TA;) for a house, or chamber, or tent. (TA.)
A thing like a door, upon which the gatherer of honey stands; (Ḳ, TA;) he being let down [upon it] by means of ropes to [the place of] the honey [in the face of a rock or mountain]. (TA.)
A thing (شَبَحٌ [app. here meaning a wooden implement]) resembling a comb without teeth (Ḳ, TA) and thinedged in its lowest part, (TA,) with which earth is raised upon, or against, the أَعْضَاد and فُلْجَان [or raised borders of watering-troughs or the like, and streamlets for irrigation]. (Ḳ, TA. [In the CK, الفِلْجانِ is put for الفُلْجانِ.])
The extreme part of the territory of the foreigners towards that of the Arabs: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and the nearest part of the territory of the Arabs to that of the foreigners. (Ṣ)
مُجَنَّبٌ; and its fem., with ة: see جَنِيبٌ.
Also, the former, (TA,) orجَانِبٌ↓, (Ḳ, [but this is said in the TA to be a mistake,]) A horse wide in the space between the two kind legs, (Ḳ, TA,) without what is termed فَجَجٌ [which is an awkward kind of straddling, with the hocks wide apart]: it is a quality approved. (TA. [See also 2; and see مُحَنَّبٌ.])
مُجَنِّبٌ A man whose sheep or goats [&c.] have few young ones; [and therefore, having little milk;] (TA in art. يسر;) contr. of مُيَسَرٌ. (Ṣ and TA in that art. [See also 2.])
مُجَنَّبَةٌ The van, or fore part, (Ḳ, TA,) of an army. (TA.)
المُجَنِّبَتَانِ The right and left wings of an army: (Ḳ: [Golius has erroneously written مِجْنَبَتَانِ, and has given J as the authority instead of the Ḳ:]) or مُجَنَّبَةٌ signifies a portion of an army (كَتِيبَةٌ) that takes one of the two sides of a way: but the former meaning is the more correct. (IAạr, TA.)
مَجْنُوِبٌ pass. part. n. of 1 [q. v.].
Also Affected by the disease termed ذَاتُ الجَنْبِ [or pleurisy]: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, TA:) and said to mean also having a complaint of his side, absolutely. (TA.)
And Affected by the [south, or southerly, wind called] جَنُوب. (Ṣ, TA.) [And Affected by that wind in one's cattle: see 1, last sentence.] سَحَابَةٌ مَجْنُوبَةٌ A cloud brought by the blowing of that wind. (Ṣ, A, Ḳ.) The saying of Aboo-Wejzeh,
* مَجْنُوبَةُ الأُنْسِ مَشْمُولٌ مَوَاعِدُهَا *
means Her familiarity passes away with the جَنُوب [or south-wind], and her promises pass away with the شَمَال [or north wind]. (IAạr, TA.)