جمهر جن جنأ


1جَنَّهُ

, (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ,) aor. جَنُ3َ, (Mgh, TA,) inf. n. جَنٌّ, (TA,) It veiled, concealed, hid, covered, or protected, him; (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ;) said of the night; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) as also جَنَّ عَلَيْهِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. جَنُ3َ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) inf. n. جُنُونٌ, (Ṣ,) or جَنٌّ, (Ḳ,) or both; (TA;) so in the Ḳur vi. 76, meaning it veiled him, concealed him, or covered him, with its darkness; (Bḍ;) and اجنّهُ: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) or this last signifies he, or it, made, or prepared, for him, or gave him, that which should veil him, conceal him, &c. : accord. to Er-Rághib, the primary signification of جَنٌّ is the veiling, or concealing, &c., from the sense. (TA.) And جُنَّ عَنْهُ means It (anything) was veiled, concealed, or hidden, from him. (Ḳ.)
He concealed it; namely, a dead body; as also اجنّهُ: (Ṣ, TA:) or the latter, he wrapped it in grave-clothing: (Ḳ:) and he buried it. (TA.) And الشَّىْءَ فِى صَدْرِى أَجْنَنْتُ I concealed the thing in my bosom. (Ṣ.) And وَلَدًا أَجَنَّتْ, (Ṣ,) or جَنِينًا, (Ḳ,) said of a woman, (Ṣ,) or a pregnant female, (Ḳ,) She concealed [or enveloped in her womb a child, or an embryo, or a fœtus]. (TA.)
جَنَّ, aor. جَنِ3َ, inf. n. جِنٌّ, It (an embryo, or a fœtus,) was concealed in the womb. (Ḳ.)
Also, [inf. n., probably, جِنٌّ and جُنُونٌ and جَنَانٌ, explained below,] It (the night) was, or became, dark. (Golius on the authority of Ibn-Maạroof.)
جُنَّ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. جُنُونٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and جِنَّةٌ (Ṣ) and جَنٌّ; (Ḳ;) and اُسْتُجِنٌّ, and تجنّن, and تجانّ; (Ḳ;) He (a man, Ṣ) was, or became, مَجْنُون [originally signifying possessed by a جِنِّىّ, or by جِنّ; possessed by a devil or demon; (see Bḍ li. 39;) and hence meaning bereft of reason; or mad, insane, unsound in mind or intellect, or wanting therein: the verbs may generally be rendered he was, or became, possessed; or mad, or insane]. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
جُنَّ الذُّبَابُ, (Ṣ, A, TA,) inf. n. جُنُونٌ, (TA,) (assumed tropical:) The flies made much buzzing: (Ṣ:) or made a gladsome buzzing in a meadow. (A, TA.)
جُنَّ النَّبْتُ, inf. n. جُنُونٌ, (tropical:) The herbage became tall, and tangled, or luxuriant, or abundant and dense, and put forth its flowers or blossoms: (Ṣ, TA:) or became thick and tall and full-grown, and blossomed. (M, TA.) And جُنَّتِ الأَرْضُ, (Fr, Ḳ,) inf. n. جُنُونٌ, (Ḳ,) (tropical:) The land produced pleasing herbage or plants: (Fr, TA:) or put forth its flowers and blossoms; as also تجنّنت. (Ḳ, TA.)

6تَجَانَّ and تَجَانَنَ

: see 1:
and see also 5.

8اجتنّ

, (accord, to the Ṣ,) or اجنّ, (accord. to the Ḳ,) He was, or became, veiled, concealed, hidden, covered, or protected, or he veiled, concealed, hid, covered, or protected, himself, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) عَنْهُ from him, or it; (Ḳ;) as also استجن. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) You say, بِجُنَّةٍ استجن He was, or became, veiled, &c., or he veiled himself, &c., by a thing whereby he was veiled, &c. (Ṣ.)

جِنٌّ

The darkness of night; as also جُنُونٌ and جَنَانُ, (Ḳ, TA,) the last [written in the CK جُنان, but it is] with fet-h: (TA:) or all signify its intense darkness: (TA:) or all, the confusedness of the darkness of night: (Ḳ:) [all, in these senses, are app. inf. ns.: (see 1:)] the last, جَنَانٌ, also signifies night [itself]: (Ḳ:) or [so in copies of the Ḳ, accord. to the TA, but in the CK “ and, ”] the dense black darkness of night: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) and جُنُونٌ, the veiling, or concealing, or protecting, darkness of night. (ISk, Ṣ.)
Concealment: so in the phrase, لَا جِنَّ بِهٰذَا الأَمْرِ There is no concealment with this thing. (Ḳ, * TA.) One of the Hudhalees says,
* وَلَا جِنَّ بِالبَغْضَآءِ وَالنَّظَرِ الشَّزْرِ *
[And there is no concealment with vehement hatred and the looking with aversion]. (TA.)
[The genii; and sometimes the angels;] accord. to some, the spiritual beings that are concealed from the senses, or that conceal themselves from the senses; all of such beings; (Er-Rághib, TA;) the opposite of إِنْسٌ; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Er-Rághib, TA;) thus comprising the angels; all of these being جِنّ; (Er-Rághib, TA;) thus called because they are feared but not seen: (Ṣ:) or, accord. to others, certain of the spiritual beings; for the spiritual beings are of three kinds; the good being the angels; and the evil being the devils (شَيَاطِين); and the middle kind, among whom are good and evil, being the جِنّ; as is shown by the first twelve verses of ch. lxxii. of the Ḳur: (Er-Rághib, TA:) or it here means intelligent invisible bodies, predominantly of the fiery, or of the aerial, quality: or a species of souls, or spirits, divested of bodies: or human souls separate from their bodies: (Bḍ:) or the جِنّ are the angels [exclusively]; (Ḳ;) these being so called in the Time of Ignorance, because they were concealed, or because they concealed themselves, from the eyes: so, accord. to some, in the Ḳur [xviii. 48], where it is said that Iblees was of the جِنّ: and so, as some say, in the Ḳur [vi. 100], where it is said that they called the جِنّ partners of God: (TA:) but some reject the explanation in the Ḳ, because the angels were created of light, and the جِنّ of fire; and the former do not propagate their kind, nor are they to be described as males and females; contrary to the case of the جِنّ; wherefore it is generally said that in the phrase [in the Ḳur xviii. 48, above mentioned] إِلَّا إِبْلِيسَ كَانَ مِنَ الجِنِّ, what is excepted is disunited in kind from that from which the exception is made, or that Iblees had adopted the dispositions of the جِنّ: (MF, TA:) or, as some say, the جِنّ were a species of the angels, who were the guardians of the earth and of the gardens of Paradise: (TA:) جِنَّةٌ, also, signifies the same as جِنٌّ: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) so in the last verse of the Ḳur: (Ṣ:) in the Ḳur xxxvii. 158 meaning the angels, whom certain of the Arabs worshipped; (TA;) and whom they called the daughters of God: (Fr, TA:) a single individual of the جِنّ is called جِنِّىٌّ, [fem. with ة:] (Ṣ, TA:) and جَانٌّ, also, is syn. with جِنٌّ: (Mṣb:) or الجَانٌ means the father of the جِنّ; (Ṣ, Mgh, TA;) [i. e. any father of جِنّ; for] the pl. is جِنَّانٌ, like حِيطَانٌ pl. of حَائِطٌ: (Ṣ, TA:) so says El-Ḥasan: it is said in the T, on the authority of AA, that the جانّ is, or are, of the جِنّ: (TA:) or جَانٌّ is a quasi-pl. n. of جِنٌّ; (M, Ḳ;) like جَامِلٌ and بَاقِرٌ: (M, TA:) so in the Ḳur lv. 56 and 74: in reading the passage in the Ḳur lv. 39, ʼAmr Ibn- ʼObeyd pronounced it جَأَنٌ: (TA:) it is related that there were certain creatures called the جَانّ, who were upon the earth, and who acted corruptly therein, and shed blood, wherefore God sent angels who banished them from the earth; and it is said that these angels became the inhabitants of the earth after them. (Zj, TA.) بَاتَ فُلَانٌ ضَيْفَ جِنٍّ [Such a one passed the night a guest of جنّ] means, in a desolate place, in which was no one that might cheer him by his society or converse. (TA.) The saying of Moosà Ibn-Jábir,
* فَمَا نَفَرَتْ جِنِّى وَلَا فُلَّ مِبْرَدِى *
may mean And my companions, who were like the جِنّ, did not flee when I came to them and informed them, nor was my tongue, that is like the file, deprived of its sharp edge: or by his جنّ he means his familiar جنّ, such as were asserted to aid poets when difficulties befell them; and by his مبرد, his tongue: (Ḥam p. 182 [where other explanations are proposed; but they are far-fetched]:) or by his جنّ he means his heart; and by his مبرد, his tongue. (Ṣ.) The Arabs liken a man who is sharp and effective in affairs to a جِنِّىّ and a شَيْطَان: and hence they said, نَفَرَتْ جِنُّهُ, meaning (assumed tropical:) He became weak and abject. (Ḥam ubi suprà.)
The greater, main, or chief, part, or the main body, or bulk, of men, or of mankind; as also جَنَانٌ; (Ḳ;) because he who enters among them becomes concealed by them: (TA:) or the latter means the general assemblage, or collective body, of men: (IAạr, Ṣ, * TA:) or what veils, conceals, covers, or protects, one, of a thing. (AA, TA.)
(tropical:) The flowers, or blossoms, of plants or herbage. (Ḳ, TA.)
(tropical:) The prime, or first part, of youth: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) or the sharpness, or vigorousness, and briskness, liveliness, or sprightliness, thereof. (TA.) You say, كَانَ ذٰلِك فِى جِنِّ شَبَابِهِ (tropical:) That was in the prime, or first part, of his youth. (Ṣ, TA.) And أَفْعَلُ ذٰلِكَ الأَمْرَ بِجِنِّ ذٰلِكَ (tropical:) I will do that thing in the time of the first and fresh state of that. (Ṣ, TA.) جِنٌّ may also signify (assumed tropical:) The madness, or insanity, of exultation, or of excessive exultation. (TA.) And one says, اِتّقِ النّاقَةَ فَإِنّهَا بِجِنِّ ضِرَامِهَا, meaning (assumed tropical:) Fear thou the she-camel, for she is in her evil temper on the occasion of her bringing forth. (TA.)
Also i. q. جدّ [app. جِدٌّ, as meaning (assumed tropical:) Seriousness, or earnestness]; because it is a thing that is an accompaniment of thought, or reflection, and is concealed by the heart. (TA.)

جَنَّةٌ

A [garden, such as is called] بُسْتَان: (Ṣ, Mgh:) or a garden, or walled garden, (حَدِيقَة, Mṣb, Ḳ,) of trees, or of palm-trees, (Mṣb,) or of palms and other trees: (Ḳ:) or only if containing palm-trees and grape-vines; otherwise, if containing trees, called حديقة: (Aboo-'Alee in the Tedhkireh, TA:) or any بستان having trees by which the ground is concealed: and sometimes concealing trees: (Er-Rághib, TA:) and palm-trees: (Ṣ:) or tall palm-trees: (Mgh:) or shadowing trees; because of the tangling, or luxuriousness of their branches; as though concealing at once what is beneath them: then a بستان; because of its dense and shadowing trees: (Bḍ in ii. 23:) or a بستان of palms and other trees, dense, and shadowing by the tangling, or luxuriousness, and denseness, of their branches; as though it were originally the inf. n. of un. of جَنَّهُ, and meaning “ a single act of veiling ” or “ concealing ” &c.: (Ksh ib.:) then, with the article ال, [Paradise,] the abode of recompense; because of the جِنَان therein; (Ksh and Bḍ ib.;) or because the various delights prepared therein for mankind are concealed in the present state of existence: (Bḍ ib.:) [and] hence الجَنَّاتُ [the gardens of Paradise], (so in a copy of the Ṣ,) or جَنَّاتُ عَدْنٍ [the gardens of continual abode]: (so in another copy of the Ṣ:) [for] the pl. of جَنَّةٌ is أَجِنَّةٌ (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ) and جِنَيْنَة (Mṣb, TA) and جُنَّةٌ, but this last is strange. (MF, TA.) [Dim. جُنَيْنَةٌ, vulgarly pronounced جِنَيْنَة, and applied to A garden; as though it were a little Paradise.]

جُنَّةٌ

A thing by which a person is veiled, concealed, hidden, covered, or protected: an arm, or armour, with which one protects himself: (Ṣ:) anything protective: (Ḳ:) or coats of mail, and any defensive, or protective, arm or armour: (TA:) pl. جُنَنٌ. (Ṣ.)
A piece of cloth which a woman wears, covering the fore and kind parts of her head, but not the middle of it, and covering the face, and the two sides of the bosom, (Ḳ,) or, accord. to the M, the ornaments [حُلِىّ instead of جَنْبَى] of the bosom, (TA,) and having two eyeholes, like the بُرْقُع. (Ḳ.)

جِنَّةٌ

: see its syn. جِنٌّ:
and جُنُونٌ.

جَنَنٌ

A grave; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) because it conceals the dead: (TA:) and so جَنِينٌ, of the measure فَعيلٌ in the sense of the measure فَاعِلٌ. (Er-Rághib, TA.)
Grave-clothing; (Ḳ;) for the same reason. (TA.)
A garment that conceals the body. (TA.) [See also جَنَانٌ.]
A dead body; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) because concealed in the grave; the word being of the measure فَعَلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ, like نَفَضٌ in the sense of مَنْفُوضٌ. (TA.)

جَنُنٌ

: see جُنُونٌ.

جَنَانٌ

: see جِنٌّ, first sentence, in two places:
and see the same in the latter part of the paragraph.
Also A garment: (Ḳ:) or a garment that conceals one; as in the saying, مَا عَلَىَّ جَنَانٌ إِلَّا مَا تَرَى [There is not upon me a garment that conceals me save what thou seest]. (Ṣ.) [See also جَنَنٌ.]
The حَرِيم [or surrounding adjuncts, or appertenances and conveniences,] (Ḳ, TA) of a house; because concealing the house. (TA.)
The interior of a thing that one does not see; (Ḳ;) because concealed from the eye. (TA.)
The heart; (T, Ṣ, M, Mṣb, Ḳ;) because concealed in the bosom; (T, M;) or because it holds things in memory: (M, TA:) or its رُوع [i. e. the heart's core, or the mind, or understanding, or intellect]; (Ḳ;) which is more deeply hidden: (TA:) and (sometimes, TA) the soul, or spirit; (IDrd, Ḳ;) because the body conceals it: (IDrd, TA:) pl. أَجْنَانٌ. (IJ, Ḳ.) You say, مَا يَسْتَقِرُّ جَنَانُهُ مِنَ الفَزَعِ [His heart does not rest in its place by reason of fright]. (TA.)
A secret and bad action. (TA. [Before the word rendered “ secret ” is another epithet, which is illegible.])

جُنَانٌ

: see مِجَنٌّ:
and what here next follows.

جُنُونٌ

: see جِنٌّ, first sentence, in two places.
Also, inf. n. of جُنَّ; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) [originally signifying A state of possession by a جِنِّىِّ, or by جِنّ; diabolical, or demoniacal, possession; and hence meaning] loss of reason; or madness, insanity, or unsoundness in mind or intellect; (Mgh;) or deficiency of intellect: (Sb, TA:) [it may generally be rendered possession, or insanity:] جُنُنٌ is a contraction thereof; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) or accord. to some, an original form: (MF, TA:) and جَنَّةٌ, also, (an inf. n. and a simple subst., Ṣ,) signifies the same as جُنُونٌ: (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ:) as also مَجَنَّةٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and جُنَانٌ, but this last is vulgar. (TA.)
Also Persistence in evil; and pursuance of a headlong, or rash, course. (Ḥam p. 14.)

جَنِينٌ

Anything veiled, concealed, hidden, or covered: (Ḳ:) applied as an epithet even to rancour, or malice. (TA.)
Buried; deposited in a grave. (IDrd, Ṣ.)
An embryo; a fœtus; the child, or young, in the belly; (Ṣ Mṣb, Ḳ;) [i. e.,] in the womb: (Mgh:) pl. أَجِنَّةٌ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) and أَجْنُنٌ. (ISd, Ḳ.)
And the former of these pls., Waters choked up with earth. (TA.)
See also جَنَنٌ.
Also The vulva. (TA.)

جُنَانَةٌ

: see مِجَنٌّ.

جَنِينَةٌ

, accord. to the copies of the Ḳ, but in the M جِنِّيَّةٌ, (TA,) A [garment of the kind called] مِطْرَف, (Ḳ, TA,) of a round form, (TA,) like the طَيْلَسَان, (Ḳ, TA,) worn by women: (TA:) in the T, said to be certain well-known garments. (TA.)

جُنَيْنَةٌ

: see جنَّةٌ, last sentence.

جِنِّىٌّ

Of, or relating to, the جِنّ, or جِنَّة. (Ḳ.)
See جِنٌّ. In the saying,
* وَيْحَكِ يَا جِنِّىَّ هَلْ بَدَا لَكِ *
* أَنْ تُرْجِعِى عَقْلِى فَقَدْ أَنَى لَكِ *
[Mercy on thee! O Jinneeyeh, جِنِّىَّ being for جِنِّيَّةُ,) doth it appear fit to thee that thou shouldst restore my reason? for the time hath come for thee to do so], a woman resembling a جِنِّيَّة is meant, either because of her beauty, or in her changeableness. (TA.)
The tallness, or length and height, of a camel's hump. (TA.)

جِنِّيَّةٌ

[fem. of جِنِّىٌّ, q. v. ]
See also جَنِينَةٌ

جِنْجِنٌ

and جَنْجَنٌ and جِنْجِنَةٌ (Ṣ, Ḳ) and جِنْجَنَةٌ (Ḳ) and (as some say, TA) جُنْجُونٌ (Ḳ) are sings. of جَنَاجِنُ, which signifies The bones of the breast: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or the heads of the ribs of men and of others: (M, TA:) or the extremities of the ribs, next the sternum. (T, TA.)

جَنْجَنَةٌ

: see what next precedes.

جُنْجُونٌ

: see what next precedes.

جَانٌّ

: see جِنٌّ.
Also A white serpent: (Lth, Ṣ, Mṣb:) or a small white serpent: (Mgh:) or a great serpent: (Zj, TA:) or a species of serpent (AA, M, Ḳ) having black-bordered eyes, (M, Ḳ,) inclining to yellow, (M, TA,) harmless, and abounding in houses: (M, Ḳ:) pl. جَوَانُّ, (AA, TA,) or جِنَّانٌ. (TA.)

أَجِنَّكَ كَذَا

i. q. مِنْ أَجْلِ أَنَّكَ [Because that thou art thus]; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) from which it is contracted by suppressing the ل and ا and transferring the kesreh of the ل to the ا (Ṣ.) A poet says,
* أَجِنَّكِ عِنْدِى أَحْسَنُ النَّاسِ كُلِّهِمْ *
[Because that thou art in my estimation the goodliest of all mankind]. (Ṣ.) The مِنْ is omitted as in the phrase فَعَلْتُهُ أَجْلَكَ for مِنْ أَجْلِكَ. (Ks, TA.)

تَجْنِينٌ

[an inf. n. used as a simple subst.,] What is said by the جِنّ [or genii]: or, accord. to Es-Sukkaree, strange, uncouth speech or language, difficult to be understood. (TA.)

مُجَنٌّ

: see مَجْنُونٌ.

مِجَنٌّ

A shield; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) because the owner conceals, or protects, himself with it; (Mgh, Mṣb;) as also مِجَنَّةٌ (Lḥ, Ḳ) and جُنَانٌ and جُنَانَةٌ: (Ḳ:) pl. مَجَانُّ. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) Sb held it to be of the measure فِعَلٌّ, from مجن; but his opinion is opposed by the fact that the word is of the form which is significant of an instrument, by the doubling of the ن, and by the syns. جنان and جنانة. (MF, TA.) It is said in a trad., that the hand [of a thief] shall not be cut off save for the value of a مِجَنّ; which in the time of the Prophet was a deenár, or ten dirhems; for this is the lowest amount for which that punishment is to be inflicted. (Mgh.) You say, قَلَبَ مِجَنَّهُ [He turned his shield], meaning (tropical:) He dropped shame, and did what he pleased: or he became absolute master of his affair, or case. (Ḳ, TA.) And قَلَبْتُ لَهُ ظَهْرَ المِجَنِّ [I turned towards him the outer side of the shield], meaning (assumed tropical:) I became hostile to him after reconciliation. (Ḥar p. 265.)
Also A [woman's ornament such as is commonly called] وِشَاح (Az, Ḳ.)

مَجَنَّةٌ

A place in which one is veiled, concealed, hidden, covered, or protected; or in which one veils, conceals, hides, covers, or protects, himself. (Ṣ.)
A land having in it جِنّ: (Ṣ:) or abounding with جِنّ. (Ḳ.)
See also جُنُونٌ.

مِجَنَّةٌ

: see مِجَنٌّ.

مَجْنُونٌ

[Possessed by جِنِّىّ, or by جِنّ, or by a devil, or demon; a demoniac: (see Bḍ li. 39:) and hence meaning bereft of reason; or mad, insane, unsound in mind or intellect, or wanting therein: (see جُنُونٌ:) it may generally be rendered possessed; or mad, or insane:] part. n. of جُنَّ: (Mṣb:) or anomalously used as pass. part. n. of أَجَنَّهُ: (Ṣ, * Ḳ, * TA:) one should not say مُجَنٌّ: (Ṣ, TA:) [pl. مَجَانِينُ.]
نَخْلَةٌ مَجْنُونَةٌ (tropical:) A tall palm-tree: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) pl. مَجَانِينُ. (Ṣ, TA.) And نَبْتٌ مَجْنُونٌ (tropical:) A plant, or herbage, that is tangled, or luxuriant, or abundant and dense, in part, and strong. (TA.) And أَرْضٌ مَجْنُونَةٌ (assumed tropical:) Land producing much herbage, that has not been depastured. (TA. [See also what next follows.])

أَرْضٌ مَتَجَنِّنَةٌ

(tropical:) Land having much herbage, so that it extends in every way. (Ḳ, TA.)

مَنْجَنُونٌ

and مَنْجَنِينٌ: see art. منجن