جلد جلس جلسد
جَلَسَ, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, (A, Ḳ,) inf. n. جُلُوسٌ (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) andمَجْلَسٌ↓, (Ṣ, A, Ḳ,) He placed his seat, or posteriors, upon rugged [or rather elevated] ground, such as is termed جَلْسٌ: this is the primary signification: (TA:) [and hence,] He sat; i. q. قَعَدَ [when the latter is used in its largest sense]: (Mṣb, and so Ṣ and L and A and Ḳ in art. قعد:) you say, جَلَسَ مُتَرَبِّعًا and قَعَدَ مُتَرَبِّعًا [He sat cross-legged]: (Mṣb:) accord. to El-Fárábee and others, contr. of قَامَ; and thus it has a more common application than قَعَدَ [when the latter is used in its most proper and restricted sense]: (Mṣb:) but قَعَدَ also signifies the contr. of قَامَ: ('Orweh Ibn-Zubeyr, L in art. قعد:) properly speaking, جَلَسَ differs from قَعَدَ; the former signifying he sat up; or sat after sleeping, or prostration, (Mṣb,) or after lying on his side; (B, TA;) and the latter, he sat down; or sat after standing: (Mṣb, B, TA: and see other authorities to the same effect in art. قعد:) for جُلُوسٌ is a change of place from low to high, and قُعُودٌ is a change of place from high to low: and one says, جَلَسَ مُتَّكِئًا, but not قَعَدَ مُتَّكِئًا, meaning [He sat] leaning, or reclining, upon one side: (Mṣb:) but both these verbs sometimes signify he was, or became: and thus, [it is said,] جَلَسَ مُتَرَبِّعًا and فَعَدَ مُتَرَبِّعًا signify he was, or became, cross-legged: and جَلَسَ بَيْنَ شُعَبِهَا الأَرْبَعِ in like manner signifies he was, or became, [between her four limbs,] (El-Fárábee, Mṣb,) because the man, in this case, is resting upon his own four limbs. (Mṣb.) [جَلَسَ مَعَهُ and جَلَسَ إِلَيْهِ, like خَلَا معه and خلا اليه, signify the same; i. e. He sat with him: or the latter, he sat by him; like “assedit ei.”] An instance of the inf. n. مَجْلَسٌ is found in a trad., in which it is said, فَإِذَا أَتَيْتُمْ إِلَى المَجْلِسِ فَأَعْطُوا الطَّرِيقَ حَقَّهُ [But when ye come to sitting, perform ye the duties relating to the road]. (TA.) [The trad. commences thus: إِيَّاكُمْ وَالجُلُوسَ عَلَى الطُّرُقَاتِ Beware ye of sitting on the roads: and then, after the words before cited, (in which, however, in my copy of the Jámiʼ eṣ-Ṣagheer, instead of المجلس, I find المَجَالِسِ, which is pl. of المَجْلِسُ,) it is added that the duties thus alluded to are the lowering of the eyes, the putting away or aside what is hurtful or annoying, the returning of salutations, the enjoining of that which is good, and the forbidding of that which is evil.]
جَلَسَتِ الرَّخَمَةُ ‡ The aquiline vulture lay upon its breast on the ground; syn. جَثَمَت: a saying applied to him who is of the seceders. (A, TA.) [See also قَعَدَ.]
جَلَسَ also signifies † It (a thing, as, for instance, a plant,) remained, or continued. (AḤn, TA.)
Also, (aor. ـِ, inf. n. جَلْسٌ, TA,) He came to الجَلْس, (TA,) or [the high country called] Nejd: (T, Ṣ, A, TA:) and in like manner said of a cloud; it came to Nejd. (TA.)
جالسهُ, inf. n. مُجَالَسَةٌ and جِلَاسٌ, [He sat with him.] (TA.) You say, لَا تُجَالِسْ مَنْ لَا تُجَانِسْ [Sit not with him with whom thou wilt not be congenial]. (A, TA.) And كَرِيمُ النِّحَاسِ طَيِّيبُ الجِلَاسِ [Generous in origin, or disposition; pleasant to sit with;] is said of a man. (TA.)
اجلسهُ [He seated him; made him to sit: or he made him to sit up]: (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA:) he gave him place, or settled him, (مَكَّنَهُ,) in sitting. (TA.)
تجاسلوا [They sat together; one with another;] (Ṣ, A, TA;) فِى المَجَالِسِ [in the sittingplaces]. (Ṣ.)
استجلسهُ [He asked him, or desired him, to sit: or to sit up.]. You say, رَآنِى قَائِمًا فَٱسْتَجْلَسَنِى [He saw me standing, and he asked me, or desired me, to sit]: (A, TA:) but this is at variance with what we have mentioned in the beginning of the art., respecting the distinction [between جَلَسَ and قَعَدَ]. (TA.)
جَلْسٌ Rugged ground or land: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) this is the primary signification. (TA.)
[Also, app., Elevated ground or land:] a place elevated and hard: or, as some say, a tract of land extending widely. (Ḥam p. 688.)
[And hence,] الجَلْسُ What is elevated above the غَوْر [or low country]: (TA:) applied especially to the country of Nejd. (T, Ṣ, M, Ḳ.)
[Persons sitting: or sitting up:] a quasi-pl. n., accord. to Sb, or a pl., accord. to Akh, of جَالِسٌ↓: said to be used as sing. and pl. and fem. and masc.; but this assertion is of no account: (ISd, L:) or the people of a مَجْلِس: (Lḥ, ISd, L, Ḳ:) [جُلُوسٌ↓ is also a pl. ofجَالِسٌ↓; like as بُكِىٌّ, originally بُكُوىٌ, is of بَاكِ: or it is an inf. n. used as an epithet: see جَاثٍ:] you say قَوْمٌ جُلُوسٌ [a company of men sitting: or sitting up]. (Ṣ.) [See also مَجْلِسٌ.]
Also A woman who sits in the فِنَآء [or court of the house], not quitting it: (Ḳ:) or she who is of noble rank (Ḳ, TA) among her people. (TA.)
جِلْسٌ: see جَلِيسٌ, in two places.
جَلْسَةٌ A single sitting: or sitting up. (Mṣb.)
جِلْسَةٌ A mode or manner, (TA,) kind, (Mṣb,) or state, (Ṣ, A, Mṣb,) of sitting: or of sitting up. (Ṣ,* A,* Mṣb, Ḳ.*) You say, هُوَ حَسَنُ الجِلْسَةِ [He has a good mode, &c., of sitting]. (A, Mṣb, Ḳ.)
جُلَسَةٌ A man (Ṣ) who sits much; sedentary. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
جُلُوسٌ: see جَلْسٌ.
جَلِيسٌ (Ṣ, A, Mṣb, Ḳ) andجِلِّيسٌ↓ (TA, as found in a copy of the Ḳ, [but this is an intensive form,]) andجِلْسٌ↓ (Ṣ, A, Ḳ) A companion with whom one sits: (A, Mṣb, Ḳ:) fem. of the first with ة: (TA:) and pl. [of the same] جُلَسَآءُ (A, Ḳ) and [irreg., being by rule pl. of جَالِسٌ,] جُلَّاسٌ. (Ḳ.) You say,هُوَ جِلْسِى↓ and جَلِيسِى [He is my companion with whom I sit]; like as you say, هُوَ خِدْنِى and خَدِينِى. (Ṣ.)
جِلِّيسٌ: see جَلِيسٌ.
جَالِسٌ: see جَلْسٌ, in two places.
Also A man, and a cloud, coming to [the high country called] Nejd. (TA.) You say, رَأَيْتُهُمْ يَعْدُونَ جَالِسِينَ I saw them running, coming to Nejd. (A, TA.)
مَجْلَسٌ: see 1:
مَجْلِسٌ A sitting-place; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as also↓ with ة; (Fr, Lḥ, Ṣgh, Ḳ;) similar to مَكَانٌ and مَكَانَةٌ: (Ṣgh, TA:) [a place where persons sit together and converse; a sitting-room:] a thing upon which one sits: (MF:) some make a strange distinction between مَجْلِسٌ andمَجْلَسٌ↓, asserting the former to be applied to the chamber or house (بَيْت) [in which people sit]; and the latter, to a place of honour upon which it is forbidden to sit without permission; but the former is the only correct form of the two: (MF, TA:) pl. مَجَالِسُ. (Ṣ, Mṣb.) You say, اُرْزُنْ فِى مَجْلِسِكَ andمَجْلِسَتِكَ↓ [Be thou grave] in thy sitting-place. (Fr, Ṣgh.)
‡ The people of a مَجْلِس; (Mṣb, TA;) elliptical, for أَهْلُ مَجْلِسٍ: (TA:) an assembly, or a company of men, sitting [together]: (Th, TA:) not well explained as being, with the article ال, syn. with النَّاسُ: (TA:) persons sitting, or sitting up. (A, TA.) [See also جَلْسٌ.] You say, اِنْفَضَّ المَجْلِسُ † [The assembly of persons sitting together broke up]. (Mṣb.) And رَأَيْتُهُمْ مَجْلِسًا I saw them sitting. (A, TA.)
† An oration or a discourse, or an exhortation, (خُطْبَةٌ أَوْ عِظَةٌ,) delivered in a مَجْلِس; like مَقَامَةٌ. (Mṭr, in the Preface to Ḥar.)
It is also used in the same manner as حَضْرَة and جَنَاب: you say مَجْلِسُ فُلَانٍ [meaning † The object of resort, with whom others sit and converse, such a one]; like حَضْرَةُ فُلَانٍ. (Kull p. 146.) [See arts. حضر and جنب. But this usage I believe to be post-classical.]
[Also † A stool; meaning, an evacuation. So in medical books.]
مَجْلِسَةٌ: see مَجْلِسٌ, in two places.