جرث جرثم جرح
Q. 2. (تجرثم)
تَجَرْثَمَ: see 3, in two places.
تجرثم الشَّىْءَ He took the greater, main, or chief, part of the thing. (Ḳ.)
Q. 3. (اجرنثم)
اِجْرَنْثَمَ He, or it, drew himself, or itself, together; contracted; or shrank: (TA, Ḥar p. 297:) from جُرْثُومَةٌ signifying the “earth collected around a tree.” (Ḥar ib.) Also, andتجرثم↓, It (a thing, Ṣ) collected itself together, or became collected, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and kept to a place. (Ḳ.) Hence, in a trad., وَعَادَ لَهَا النِّقادُ مُجْرَنْثِمًا↓ And the lambs, by reason of it, namely, the vehement drought, became collected, or drawn, together [in one place, and kept to it]. (TA.)
He (a man, TA) fell from a high, or higher, to a low, or lower, place; as alsoتجرثم↓. (Ḳ, TA.)
جُرْثُمَةٌ: see what next follows.
جُرْثُومَةٌ [and accord. to Golius, as on the authority of the Ṣ, جُرْثُومٌ, but this I have. not found in any Lexicon but his and that of Freytag,] The root, lowest part, base, stock, or source, syn. أَصْلٌ, of a thing; (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ;) whatever the thing be; (Mgh;) as alsoجُرْثُمَةٌ↓: (TA:) and the place of collection thereof: (Mgh, TA:) or the earth that is collected at the roots, or lower parts, of trees: (Ḳ:) or the earth collected around a tree: (Ḥar p. 297:) or the root of a tree to which the earth is collected: (Lth, TA:) pl. جَرَاثِيمُ. (Mgh.) One is related to have said, الأَسْدُ جُرْثُومَةُ العَرَبِ فَمَنْ أَضَلَّ نَسَبَهُ فَلِيَأْتِهِمْ [ElAsd are those, of the Arabs, to whom most others congregate: therefore whoever loses his genealogy, let him come to them]: meaning الأَزْدُ. (TA.) And جَرَاثِيمُ جَهَنَّمَ means The greater, main, or chief, degrees of the punishment of Hell. (Mgh.)
The base (أَصْل) of a sandhill overlooking what surrounds it. (Ḥar p. 99.) And the pl. (جراثيم), Places elevated above the ground, composed of clay and earth collected together. (TA.)
The earth collected by ants; (TA;) an ant-hill: (Ḳ:) or جُرْثُومَةُ النَّمْلِ signifies the ant-hill. (Ṣ.)
The earth, or dust, that the wind raises, or sweeps up and scatters. (Ḳ.)
The غَلْصَمَة [or epiglottis]. (Ḳ.)
مُجْرَنْثِمٌ: see 3.
رَكَبٌ مُجْرَنْثَمٌ [in the CK, erroneously, رَكْبٌ مُجْرَنْثَمٌ,] i. q. مُسْتَهْدِفٌ, (Ḳ, TA, [in the CK, erroneously, مُسْتَهْدَفٌ,]) i. e., A wide, elevated pubes. (TA in art. هدف.)