بهق بهل بهم
بَهَلَ النَّاقَةَ, [aor. ـَ, inf. n. بَهْلٌ,] He left the she-camel without a صِرَار [bound upon her udder to prevent her being sucked]; (Bḍ in iii. 54;) as alsoابلها↓: (Ṣ:) or he left her to be milked; or allowed her being milked: (Z, TA:) and↓ the latter, he loosed her صِرَار, and left her young one at liberty to such her; (Ḳ;) and he left her to herself (Ḳ, TA) to be milked by any one who pleased. (TA.)
And بَهَلَهُ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) aor. ـَ, (Ḳ,) [inf. n. بَهْلٌ,] He left him (Ṣ, Ḳ) to his own will, or wish, (Ṣ,) or to his own opinion, or judgment; (Ḳ;) as alsoابهلهُ↓: (Ṣ, Ḳ:) or the former is said in relation to the free man; and↓ the latter, in relation to the slave; (Zj, Ḳ;) and signifies also [simply] he left him to himself. (Ḳ,* TA.)
Hence, (TA,) بَهْلٌ signifies [also] The act of cursing. (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ.) You say, بَهَلَهُ, aor. ـَ, inf. n. بَهْلٌ, He cursed him. (Mṣb.) And بَهَلَ ٱللّٰهُ فُلَانًا May God curse such a one! (Ḳ, TA.)
بَهِلَتْ, aor. ـَ, inf. n. بَهَلٌ, She (a camel) had her صِرَار loosed, and her young one left to suck her. (Ḳ.)
مُبَاهَلَةٌ The act of cursing each other: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb:) inf. n. of باهلهُ He cursed him, being cursed by him: (Mṣb:) [or rather] بَاهَلْتُهُ signifies I joined with him in imprecating the curse of God upon whichever of us did wrong. (JK.) Hence the saying of Ibn-Mesʼood, مَنْ شَآءَ بَاهَلْتُهُ أَنَّ سُورَةَ القُصْرَى نَزَلَتْ بَعْدَ البَقَرَةِ [Whosoever will, I will contend with him by imprecating the curse of God upon whichever of us is wrong, that the shorter chapter of “Women” came down from heaven after the chapter of “The Cow”]: or, accord. to one recital, he said لَا عَنْتُهُ: for when they differed respecting a thing, they used to come together, and say,بَهْلَةُ↓ ٱللّٰهِ عَلَى الظَّالِمِ مِنَّا [The curse of God be upon such of us as is the wrongdoer!]. (Mgh.) باهل بَعْضُهُمْ بَعْضًا andتبّهلوا↓ andتباهلوا↓ all signify They cursed one another: (Ḳ:) [or] they joined in imprecating a curse upon such of them as was the wrongdoer: (TA:) andابتهلوا↓ signifies the like: whence, ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ, in the Ḳur [iii. 54], (Bḍ, TA,) as some explain it, (TA,) meaningثُمَّ نَتَبَاهَلْ↓, i. e., Then let us imprecate a curse upon such of us as is the liar. (Bḍ. [But see also 8 below.])
see 1, in four places.
[The inf. n.] إِبْهَالٌ also signifies The sending forth, or letting flow, the water upon what has been sown, (JK, Ḳ, TA,) after having finished the sowing. (JK, TA. [In the CK, نَذَرْتَهُ is erroneously put for بَذَرْتَهُ.])
see 3, in two places.
[Hence,] ابتهل, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) or ابتهل فِى الدَّعَآءِ, (JK,) ‡ He humbled, or abased, himself; or addressed himself with earnest, or energetic, supplication; syn. تَضَرَّعَ; (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ;) إِلَى ٱللّٰهِ to God: (Mṣb:) he strove, or was earnest, or energetic, in prayer, or supplication; (JK, Ḳ;) and was sincere, or without hypocrisy, therein; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) with a striving, or an earnestness, or energy, like that of the مُبْتَهِلُونَ [properly so called, i. e., persons who join in imprecating a curse upon such of them as is the wrongdoer]. (TA.) It is said that ثُمَّ نَبْتَهِلْ, in the Ḳur [iii. 54, of which one explanation has been given above, (see 3,)] means ‡ Then let us be sincere, or without hypocrisy, in prayer, or supplication; (Ṣ, TA;) and let us strive, or be earnest, or energetic: (TA:) or let us humble, or abase, ourselves; &c.; syn. نَتَضَرَّعْ. (Jel.)
استبلها He milked her (namely, a camel,) without a صِرَار. (Ḳ. [See 1, first sentence.])
He (a young camel) pulled off her أَصِرَّة [pl. of صِرَار] to suck her, namely, his mother. (JK.)
استبهل الرَّعيَّةَ He (the ruler) left the people, or subject, to themselves, (Lḥ, Ḳ,) to do what they would; not restraining them. (Lḥ, TA.)
اِسْتَبْهَلَتْهَا السَّوَاحِلُ (Ṣ) and استبلتهم البَادِيَةُ (Ḳ) † The shores, and the desert, left them at liberty in their abodes therein, no Sultán reaching them, so that they did what they pleased. (Ṣ,* Ḳ.)
بَهْلَةٌ (Ṣ, Mgh, Ḳ) andبُهْلَةٌ↓ (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ) A curse: (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) from بَهَلَ النَّاقَةَ in the sense first explained above. (Bḍ in iii. 54.) You say, عَلَيْهِ بَهْلَةُ ٱللّٰهِ andبُهْلَتُهُ↓ The curse of God be on him! (Ṣ.) For another ex., see 3.
بُهْلَةٌ: see what next precedes, in two places.
بَهْلَلَةٌ The quality of shrinking from foul things, and of generosity, or nobleness. (JK.)
بُهْلُولٌ One that shrinks from foul things, and is generous, or noble; applied to a man (Ibn-ʼAbbád, JK) and to a woman: (JK:) pl. بَهَالِيلُ. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, JK.) A lord, chief, or prince, combining all good qualities. (Seer, Ḳ.)
A great, or frequent, laugher. (Ṣ, Ḳ.)
بَاهِلٌ A she-camel having no صِرَار upon her, (Ṣ, Ḳ, TA,) so that any one who will may milk her: (TA:) or one having no nose-rein upon her, (Ḳ, TA,) so that she pastures where she will: (TA:) or also one having no عِرَان [which is a piece of wood inserted in the partition between the nostrils]: (Ṣ:) and (so in the Ṣ, but in the Ḳ “or”) one having no mark, or brand, upon her: (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ:) pl. بُهَّلٌ (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ) and بُهُلٌ: (JK, Ḳ, TA: [the latter in the CK like بُرْدٌ:]) andمُبْهَلَةٌ↓ signifies left in the state of her that is termed بَاهِل, (Ṣ,) or having her صِرَار loosed, and her young one left at liberty to suck her: (Ḳ:) andمَبَاهِلُ↓ is applied in the same sense [as its pl.]. (Ṣ, Ḳ. [In the CK the latter is written مُبَاهِلٌ, as a sing.])
[Hence,] أَتَيْتُكَ بَاهِلًا غَيْرَ ذَاتِ صِرَارٍ, said by an Arab woman to her husband; (Ṣ;) by the wife of Dureyd Ibn-Eṣ-Ṣimmeh, to him, on his desiring to divorce her; meaning † I made my property lawful to thee. (TA.)
بَاهِلُونَ † People at liberty in their place of abode, no Sultán reaching them, so that they do what they please. (Ḳ.)
And the sing., ‡ Going to and fro without work. (Ibn-ʼAbbád, Z, Ḳ.)
‡ A pastor without a staff: (JK, Ḳ:) or, walking without a staff. (TA.)
† A man without a weapon. (IAạr, TA.)
And بَاهِلَةٌ † A woman having no husband; (JK;) syn. أَيِّمٌ. (Ḳ.)
أَبْهَلٌ The produce, or fruit, of a certain tree, which is the عَرْعَر [a name applied to the cypress and to the juniper-tree]: (Ṣ:) so says Ibn-Seenà [Avicenna] in the Kánoon; and he adds that it is of two species, small and great, both brought from the country of the رُوم: one species of the tree thereof has leaves like those of the سَرْو [or common, evergreen, cypress], has many thorns, and grows, or spreads, wide, (يَسْتَعْرِضُ,) not growing tall: the leaves of the other are like those of the طَرْفَآء [or tamarisk], the taste thereof is like [that of] the سَرْو, and it is drier, and less hot: (TA:) or it is the produce of a kind of great tree, the leaves of which are like [those of] the طرفاء, and the fruit of which is like the نَبِق [or fruit of the lote-tree called سِدْر]; and it is not [the fruit of] the عرعر, as J imagined it to be: the smoke thereof expels quickly the young in the womb: used as a liniment, with vinegar, it cures what is termed دَآء الثَّعْلَب [alopecia]: and with honey, it cleanses foul ulcers. (Ḳ.) [In the present day, it is applied to the juniper-tree; as is also عَرْعَر; and particularly to the species thereof called the savin. See قَطِرَانٌ.]
مُبْهَلَةٌ and مَبَاهِلُ [its pl.]: see بَاهِلٌ.