برزخ برسم برش


Q. 1بُرْسِمَ

He (a man) was affected with the disease termed بِرْسَام; (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as also بُلْسِمَ. (TA.)

بِرْسَامٌ

, (in the T with fet-h, [بَرْسَامٌ,] Mgh,) A certain malady, or disease, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) well known, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) attended by delirium: (Ḳ:) [in the present day, this term is applied to the pleurisy, as also ذَاتُ الجَنْبِ; and so it is explained by Golius and Freytag; or, as the latter adds, accord. to Avicenna, pleurodyne: but] in some of the books of medicine, it is said to be a tumour, (Mṣb,) or a hot tumour, (TA,) that is incident to the septum which is between the liver and the bowels, [app. meaning the upper parts of the greater and lesser omentum,] and then reaches to the brain: (Mṣb, TA:) also pronounced بِلْسَامٌ: (ISk, Mṣb:) i. q. مُومٌ: (M, TA:) it is an arabicized word; (IDrd, Mgh, Mṣb;) or seems to be so; composed of بَرْ and سَامْ; the former of these, in Persian, signifying the “breast,” or “chest;” and the latter, “death” [and “fire” and “a swelling;” of which three meanings, the second and third are agreeable with the two explanations of برسام given above]: so says Az. (TA.)

بِرْسِيمٌ

, with kesr, (Ḳ,) vulgarly pronounced with fet-h to the ب, [بَرْسِيم,] (TA,) [Alexandrian trefoil or clover; trifolium Alexandrinum; described by Forskål in his Flora Aegypt. Arab. p. 139; the most common and the best kind of succulent food for cattle grown in Egypt: it is sown when the waters of the inundation are leaving the fields; and yields three crops; the second of which is termed رِبَّةٌ; and so is the third; but this is generally left for seed: when dry, it is termed دَرِيسٌ: if his words have not been perverted by copyists, F explains it as] the grain of the قُرْط, (حَبُّ القُرْط [but I think it probable that this is a mistranscription, for خَيْرُ القُرْطِ, i. e., the best of the (species of trefoil, or clover, called) قُرْط,] resembling the رُطْبَة [or رَطْبَة], or superior to this latter in size, or quality (أَجَلُّ مِنْهَا): (Ḳ:) the قُرْط resembles the رُطْبَة, [written in the TA without the vowel signs,] but is superior to this latter in size, or quality (اجلّ منها), and larger in the leaves, and is what is called in Persian شَبْذَر [or شَبْدَر]: (AḤn, TA:) it is one of the best kinds of herbage for horses and the like, which fatten upon it. (TA.)

إِبْرِيسَمٌ

, (M, [and thus written in copies of the Ḳ,]) with kesr to the ر [as well as the ء], accord. to IAạr, (M,) [and] with fet-h to the س; (Ḳ;) or إِبْرَيْسَمٌ; (M;) and [app. إِبْرِيسُمٌ,] with damm to the س; (Ḳ;) or it has three dial. forms; accord. to ISk, it is ابريسِم [app. إِبْرِيسِمٌ]; others say that it is ابريسَم [app. أَبْرَيْسَمٌ], with fet-h; IAạr says that it is إِبْرِيسَمٌ, with kesr to the ء and the ر and with fet-h to the س, and he says that there is not in the language an instance of إِفْعِيلِلٌ, with kesr, but there are instances of إِفْعِيلَلٌ, as إِهْلِيلَجٌ [q. v.] and إِبْرِيسَمٌ; (Ṣ; [but I find that in two copies of that work, and in the L, this passage is mutilated; for it runs thus; “ISk says that it is إِبْرِيسَمٌ, with kesr to the ء and ر, and with fet-h to the س,” &c.;]) or one of its dial. forms is إِبْرِيسِمٌ, with kesr to the ء and the ر and the س; but ISk disallows this, [or, probably, as appears from what has been said above, we should read here, “accord. to ISk, but others disallow this,”] saying that there is not in the language an instance of افعليل with kesr to the [former] ل, but with fet-h, as إِهْلِيلَجٌ and إطْرِيفَلٌ; and the second form is أَبْرَيْسَمٌ, with fet-h to those three letters; and the third is إِبْرَيْسَمٌ, with kesr to the ء, and fet-h to the ر and the س; (Mṣb;) and IB [appears to indicate the second and third of these forms, for he] says that some pronounce ابريسم with fet-h to the ء and the ر, and some pronounce it with kesr to the ء, and with fet-h to the س; (TA;) Silk; syn. حَرِيرٌ: (M, Ḳ:) or, accord. to some, specially, raw silk: (TA:) [it is said that] حرير is the same as ابريسم: (Mṣb in art. حر:) or dressed silk; syn. ابريسم مَطْبُوخ: (Mgh and Mṣb in that art.:) or stuff wholly composed of silk: or of which the woof is silk: (Mgh in that art., from the Jema et-Tefáreek:) [and it is also said that] قَزَّ is the same as ابريسم: (Ḳ in art.

قز

:) or a kind thereof: (Ṣ in that art.:) or that whereof ابريسم is made: (Lth, Az, Mṣb, TA, all in that art.:) [medicinal properties are ascribed to it: it is said that] it is exhilarating, warming to the body, moderate in temperament, and strengthening to the sight when used as a collyrium: (Ḳ:) the word is arabicized, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ, [but in the last it is said, after the explanation of the meaning, “or it is arabicized,”]) from [the Persian] ابريشم [i. e. أَبْرِيشَمْ]: (TA:) and is perfectly decl., even if used as a proper name, in the manner of a surname, because it was arabicized in its indeterminate state, not like إِسْحَاقُ &c., which were arabicized in their determinate state, and are not used by the Arabs indeterminately. (Ṣ.)

إِبْرِسَمِىٌّ

or إِبْرَيْسَمِىٌّ [&c.] A manufacturer [or seller] of ابريسم. (TA.)

مُبَرْسَمٌ

A man affected with the disease termed بِرْسَام; (Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) as also مُبَلْسَمٌ. (Mṣb, TA.)