افخ افق افك
أَفَقَ, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) aor. ـِ, (JK, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَفْقٌ, (TḲ,) He went his own way, at random, or heedlessly, (رَكِبَ رَأْسَهُ,) and went away in the آفَاق [or regions, &c., of the land]: (Lth, JK, Ḳ:) or he went away in, or into, the land, or country: (Ṣ:) and he took his way into the آفاق [or regions, &c.,] of the land. (JK.)
[Hence, app.,] أَفَقَ, aor. as above; thus, says IB, accord. to Ḳz, and thus it is given on the authority of Kr; (TA;) [see آفِقٌ;] or أَفِقَ, aor. ـَ, (Ṣ, O, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَفَقٌ; (Ṣ;) He attained the utmost degree, [as though he reached the أُفُق (or horizon, or furthest point of view,)] in generosity; (Ṣ, O, Ḳ;) or in knowledge, or science; or in chasteness of speech, or eloquence, and in the combination of excellent qualities. (Ḳ.)
Also, أَفَقَ, aor. ـِ, (Kr, Ibn-ʼAbbád, JK, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَفْقٌ, (JK, TA,) He overcame, or surpassed. (Kr, Ibn-ʼAbbád, JK, Ḳ.)
And, inf. n, أُفُوقٌ, He was goodly, or beautiful; he possessed the quality of exciting admiration and approval by his beauty and the pleasingness of his aspect; said of a camel, and of a horse. (JK.)
أَفَقَ عَلَيْهِ (JK, TA) He (a man) excelled him; namely, another man: (JK:) or he preceded him in excellence; or outwent him therein; as also أَفَقَهُ, aor. ـِ. (TA.) [It is like فَاقَهُ.]
أَفَقَ فِى العَطَآءِ, aor. ـِ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَفْقٌ, (TA,) He gave to some more than to others. (Ṣ, Ḳ.) So in the saying of El-Aạshà,
* وَلَا المَلِكَ النُّعْمَانُ يَوْمَ لَقِيتُهُ ** بِغِبْطَتِهِ يُعْطِى القُطُوطَ وَيَأْفِقُ *
[Nor the King En-Noamán, on the day that I met him, in his goodly, or happy, condition, giving gifts, or stipends, or written obligations conferring gifts, and giving to some more than to others]: (Ṣ:) or the meaning is, writing [writs of] gifts, and sealing them: or, as some say, taking his way into the آفاق [or regions, &c.,] of the land. (JK.)
أَفَقَهُ, aor. ـِ, (Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) inf. n. أَفْقٌ, (Ṣ, Mṣb,) He tanned it (namely a hide) until it became what is termed أَفِيق. (Ṣ, Mṣb,* Ḳ.)
تأفّق بِنَا He (a man, Aṣ, TA) came to us مِنْ أُفُقٍ [from a region, &c., of the land]: (Aṣ, Ḳ:) or came to us, and alighted at our abode as a guest: and in the Nawádir el-Aaráb, تأفّق بِهِ is said to signify he reached him, or overtook him; as also تلّفق به (TA.)
أُفْقٌ: see أُفُقٌ.
أَفَقٌ The main and middle part (سَنَن) of a road; (Ḳ;) the face, or surface, thereof: (IAạr, Ḳ:) pl. آفَاقٌ. (Ḳ.) Hence the saying, قَعَدَ فُلَانٌ عَلَى أَفَقِ الطَّرِيقِ [Such a one sat upon the main and middle part, or face, or surface, of the road]. (TA.)
The flanks, or ilia: or, as some say, skins; or skin; as in the saying, شَرِبْتُ حَتَّى مَلَأْتُ أَفَقِي I drank until I filled my skin: (JK:) pl. [or rather coll. gen. n.] of أَفَقَةٌ↓; (IAạr;) which signifies the flank; (IAạr, Ḳ;) as does also آفِقَةٌ↓. (Th, Ḳ.)
Also pl., (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or [rather] quasi-pl. n., (M, Ḳ,) of أَفِيقٌ, q. v. (Ṣ, M, Ḳ.)
أَفِقٌ: see أَفِيقٌ, in two places.
أُفُقٌ (JK, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ, &c.) andأُفْقٌ↓ (Ṣ, Ḳ) A side; meaning a lateral, or an outward or adjacent, part or portion; or a part, region, quarter, or tract, considered with respect to its collocation or juxtaposition or direction, or considered as belonging to a whole; or a remote side; syn. نَاحِيَةٌ; (JK, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ;) and a border, or an extremity; (JK;) of a land, or of the earth; and of the sky, or heavens: (JK, Mgh, Mṣb:) [or the horizon, or part next to the horizon, of the sky and of the earth;] or what appears of the sides (النَّوَاحِى) of the celestial sphere, (Ḳ, TA,) and of the borders, or extremities, of the earth: (TA:) or the place whence blows the south wind, and the north wind, and the west wind, and the east wind: (Ḳ,* TA:) pl. آفَاقٌ: (JK, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ:) and the sing. also is used as a pl.; like فُلْكٌ, as is said in the Nh: (MF:) thus in the verse of El-ʼAbbás, in praise of the Prophet:
* أَنْتَ لَمَّ وُلِدْتَ أَشْرَقَتِ الأَرْ ** ضُوَضَآءَ تْ بِنُورِكَ الأُفُقُ *
[When thou wast born, the earth became bright, and the tracts of the horizon, or the regions, shone with thy light]: or, as some say, الافق is made fem. by him as meaning النَّاحِيَةُ. (TA.) The phrase حِينَ يَغِيبُ الأُفُقُ means When the redness, or whiteness, in the أُفُق [or horizon] disappears. (Mgh.)
Also, in like manner, The side, or lateral part, of a tent: (JK:) or the part between the [two] anterior [pieces of wood called the] زِرَّانِ, in the [fore part called the] رِوَاق, of a tent: (Ḳ:) and the sides, or lateral parts, of a tent of the kind belonging to the Arabs of the desert. (TA.)
أُفُقٌ is also said to be a pl. of أَفِيقٌ; but this is disallowed by Lḥ. (TA.)
أَفَقَةٌ: see أَفَقٌ.
Also A burying of a skin, or hide, in the earth, so that its hair may be removed, and it may become ready for tanning. (Lth, Ḳ,* TA.) [See أَفِيقٌ.]
أَفَقِىٌّ, (ISk, JK, T, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) contr. to rule, (T, Mṣb,) andأُفُقِىٌّ↓, (Aṣ, ISk, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) agreeably with rule, (Ṣ,) being a rel. n. from أُفُقٌ, (Mṣb,) and some (namely the lawyers, in relation to pilgrimage and the like, MF) say آفَاقِىٌّ↓, (Mgh, MF,) which is incorrect, (Mgh, Mṣb,) or whether it be correct, after the manner of أَنْصَارِىٌّ and the like, requires consideration, (MF,) an epthet applied to a man, (ISk, Ṣ, Mṣb,) meaning One who is from the آفَاق [or lateral parts, or regions,] of the land; (ISk,* Ṣ, Mṣb;*) mentioned by Aboo-Naṣr: (Ṣ, referring to the first form of the word:) or one who goes about in the آفَاق: (JK:) or one who goes through the آفاق of the land in search of sustenance: (Ḳ,* TA:) as alsoأَفَّاقٌ↓. (Ḳ, TA.) أُفُقِىُّ مَكَّةَ or أَفَقِىُّ مكّة means He who is without the places where the pilgrims coming to Mekkeh enter upon the state of إِحْرَام. (Mgh.)
أُفُقِىٌّ: see أَفَقِىٌّ.
أَفِيقٌ: see آفِقٌ.
Applied also to a bucket (دَلْو), meaning Excelling other buckets. (AA, Ḳ.)
Also, (Aṣ, Th, JK, Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) andأَفِيقَةٌ↓, (Ḳ,) or the latter is a more particular term than the former, like as جِلْدَةٌ is more so than جِلْدٌ, (Mgh,) andأَفِقٌ↓, (Ḳ, [but see what follows,]) The skin, or hide, that is not completely tanned, (Ṣ, Mgh, Mṣb, Ḳ,) so that it is unsubstantial, not firm, or strong, or tough: (Mgh:) when its tanning is complete, and it becomes red, it is termed أَدِيم: therefore أَفِيقٌ is of the measure فَعِيلٌ in the sense of the measure مَفْعُولٌ: (Mṣb:) or in the second stage of its tanning; for in the first stage it is termed مَنِيْئَة; then, افيق; and then, اديم: (TA:) or that is tanned, but before it is sewed: (Aṣ, Ṣ, Ḳ:) or before it is cut, or slit: (Ḳ:) or when it comes forth from the tan, its tanning being finished, (JK, TA,) its [original] odour being [still] in it: (TA:) or after it is tanned: (Mṣb:) or not tanned: (Th, TA:) or that is tanned without قَرَظ or أَرْطَى or any of the tans of the people of Nejd: (TA:) ISd says, I think that Th has mentioned أَفِقٌ↓ as syn. with أَفِيقٌ, and explained it as signifying the skin, or hide, that is not tanned; but I am not sure of it: (TA:) the pl. is أَفَقٌ, (Lḥ, JK, Ṣ, Mṣb, Ḳ,) like as أَدَمٌ is pl. of أَدِيمٌ, (Ṣ,) or this is a quasi-pl. n., (M, Ḳ,) and أُفُقٌ (JK, Ḳ) is allowable, (JK,) or, accord. to Lḥ, it is not allowable, (TA,) and [pl. of pauc.] آفِقَةٌ, (Aṣ, Ṣ, Ḳ,) like as آدمَةٌ and أَرْغِفَةٌ are pls. of أَدِيمٌ and رَغِيفٌ. (Aṣ, Ṣ.) أَفِيقَةٌ↓ signifies also A سِقَآء [or skin for water or milk &c.] made of a hide of the kind termed أَفِيق. (Mgh.) And أَفِيقٌ also signifies The skin of a man, and of any beast. (TA.)
أَفِيقَةٌ: see أَفِيقٌ, in two places.
أَفَّاقٌ: see أَفَقِىٌّ.
آفِقٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳ, &c.,) of the measure فَاعِلٌ, (Ṣ, Ḳz, TA, [in the CK اَفِقٌ, and in like manner in a copy of the JK,]) from أَفِقَ, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) or, as IB says, accord. to Ḳz, from أَفَقَ, aor. ـِ, and so accord. to Kr, and shown to be of the measure فَاعِلٌ by several verses in which it occurs, (TA,) One who has attained the utmost degree in generosity; (Ṣ, Ḳ;) or in knowledge, or science; or in chasteness of speech, or eloquence, and in the combination of excellent qualities; (Ḳ;) as alsoأَفِيقٌ↓: (Ḳ:) fem. with ة. (IF, Ḳ.) Also applied to a horse, Generous with respect to both parents: fem. with ة. (Ṣ.) And applied to a camel, That excites admiration and approval by his generousness, excellence, high blood, or the like; (JK;) and soأُفُقٌ↓, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) applied to a horse, (Ṣ, Ḳ,) and a mare, (JK, Ṣ, Ḳ,) and a she-camel. (JK.).
آفِقَةٌ: see أَفَقٌ.
آفَاقِىٌّ: see أَفَقِىٌّ.